The Mesopotamian Era which consists of the tribes of Sumerians, Akkadians, Assyrians, and Babylonians lived between the valley of the river, the Tigris and Euphrates. These empires were known to contribute to the Mesopotamian culture and beliefs. This ancient civilization is notorious for their religious views and view on life. The ancient beliefs now help us understand the religious perspectives of the great ancient civilizations which sprouted to other cultures and empires.
The people of Mesopotamia viewed life as a place to serve and please their deities. Religion was the basis of their civilization, and every aspect of their lives revolved around religion. The ancient Mesopotamian people believed that humans were created to serve the gods completely. They were slaves to the gods, always trying to appease them with prayer and sacrifice. Anything that happened good or bad, they attributed to the gods. Every act performed by the people was either the will of or for the gods. The existence of the Mesopotamians was wholly indebted to their gods. In Enuma Elis, a Babylonian myth, Marduk a god and the hero of the story, kills Kingu and uses his blood to create mankind (Enuma Elis). This Mesopotamian belief supports the lifestyle that many have. Many of the jobs of the people consisted of building statues and temples for their gods, which they thought would please the gods with their loyalty and hard laborious work. The ziggurat, a famous Mesopotamian temple of brick made out of clay, was thought to represent a mountain. The people viewed a mountain to be powerful and influential, thus the ziggurat served as a religious symbol to the people of Ur, where it was located (Hollister & Rogers, 20).
The religion they practiced consisted of a polytheistic religion, where the goddess of Earth, Inanna was their most beloved and the chief deity was Anu. The Mesopotamians believed that there was a god for every purpose, and even demons causing destruction. Their...
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