The ancient civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia had some similarities as well as diffrencecs. Mesopotamia ran from the 3500-529 B.C.E which included the Sumerian period, Akkadian period, Babylonian period, Kassite period, and Assyrian period. Ancient Egypt lasted from 3200-663 B.C.E through the Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, New Kingdom, and Late Period (Cunningham, Reich). Both of these civilization's geographical conditions played a major role in their ascension, and decline. They both had great intellectual developments in art, and religion. These characteristics influenced both of their ascensions, but eventurally lead to their collapse.
To begin with, Egypt and Mesopotamia had common geographical conditions. Their climates were both dominated by great rivers. Egypt was dominated by the Nile and Mesopotamia had the Tigris and Euphrates. Both areas developed in the same time span. Mesopotamia had many types of diffrent people, each with thier own language, religion, and customs which made it difficult to generalize about Mesopotamia than ancient Egypt. During Mesopotamia's reign the earliest Sumerian communities had agricultural settlements on the land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Unlike Upper Egypt, the land their was flat so they had to use dikes and canals to prevent flooding during the rain season. It also helped them provide water for the rest of the year. (Cunningham, Reich 6). As for ancient Egypt their total area was only a little bigger than the state of Maryland. At the delta of the Nile was Lower Egypt, broad and flat, within easy reach of neighboring parts of the Mediterranean. Upper Egypt was more isolated from foreign contacts, and consisted of a long narrow strip of fertile soil. Like Mesopotamia their agriculture was affected by the yearly flooding of the river. Egypt was divided into thirty-one dynasties by an Egyptian priest, Manetho which lead to them geting divided into four groups the Old, Middle, New, and Late periods....
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