Topics: Mesopotamia, Sumer, Fertile Crescent Pages: 3 (649 words) Published: January 12, 2014
Mesopotamia means “The land of rivers” in Greek. This civilization started around 6000 B.C. Mesopotamia is in the area of the Tigris and Euphrates river system and is part of modern day Iraq, north eastern Syria, Southwestern Turkey, and smaller parts of Southwester Iran. The two rivers Tigris and Euphrates had a massive effect on this civilization, the people could farm easily because of the rich soil known as the Fertile Crescent which was the cause of the two rivers. Mesopotamia is considered to be the “Cradle of Civilization” because this is where we find the origins of Agriculture, written language and cities; it also included many empires such as Sumer, Akkadian, Babylonian, and the Assyrian.

Little rainfall
Hot and dry climate
windstorms leaving muddy river valleys in winter
catastrophic flooding of the rivers
in spring
Arid soil containing little minerals
No stone or timber resources

Mesopotamians have contributed to many things like war; the Mesopotamians fought for security and believed that they could defend themselves by expanding into great areas. They went to war for personal gain by taxing the people they conquered, taking resources from the land, and taking prisoners for slaves.

These actions by the Mesopotamians inspired other people and civilizations to mimic what they had done to try and have the same success as them. The Mesopotamians also had a great impact on law and government.

Nowadays, we have laws set out for citizens to follow. The people of ancient Mesopotamia worshiped hundreds of gods who each had their own name and “sphere of activity”. In some religions today people worship multiple gods instead of just a single god; it is possible that the ancient Mesopotamians influenced this. The contributions of this civilization have been indispensable in the development of later civilizations and mankind in general BRIEF HISTORY


“The land between two rivers” (Gk mesos =...
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