Mental Process

Topics: Logic, Reasoning, Cognition Pages: 3 (567 words) Published: September 1, 2011
Mental process - the performance of some composite cognitive activity; an operation that affects mental contents; "the process of thinking", "the cognitive operation of remembering". MAJOR MENTAL PROCESSES

* Thinking
* is a process by which a new mental representation is formed through transformation of information by complex interaction of the mental attributes of judging, abstracting, reasoning, imagining, and problem solving.

Thinking about our thoughts and feelings, about our situations, goals, and our capacities is a mental process called metacognition.

Metacognition is defined as "cognition about cognition", or "knowing about knowing.

Metacognition involves:
* reflection - thinking about our experiences
* projection - thinking about our future

Concept Formation
* refers to the judgment of properties common to a class of objects or ideas Principles of Concept Formation
A. Association
B. Critical thinking defined as “principled thinking”. It involves the correct assessing of statements using analysis and logic. Aspects of Critical Thinking:
1. Grasping the meaning of a statement
2. Judging whether there is ambiguity in a line of reasoning 3. Judging whether certain statements contradict each other
4. Judging whether a conclusion follows necessarily
5. Judging whether a statement is specific enough
6. Judging whether a statement is actually the application of a certain principle 7. Judging whether an observation statement is reliable
8. Judging whether an inductive conclusion is warranted
9. Judging whether something is an assumption
10. Judging whether a definition is adequate
11. Judging whether a statement by an alleged authority is acceptable

C. Analysis defined as a breakdown of the material into its constituent parts and the detection of the relationships of its parts of the way they mare compared and contrasted. Relationships:
1. Semantic relationships -involve similarities or differences in meaning. 2....
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