Unfortunately there are people who are born less fortunate than other's. Some are slower
than others, and there are some who pick up. Sadly some are made fun of because of the
condition. This is when mental retardation comes into place. In my report I will be talking about
mental retardation and the different kids of mental illnesses.
Mental retardation is often thought of a disease ( Mental retardation 1 ). Disease would be the
wrong term. Mental retardation is a term for wide range or conditions ( Mental retardation 1 ).
The meaning of mental retardation depends on what society demands of the individual in learning
skills, and social responsibility ( Mental retardation 1 ).
Mental retardation is most often appeared in children under the age of 18 ( Mental retardation ). A person is considered mentally retarded if they have an intellectual functioning level below
average and significant limitations in two or more adaptive skill areas ( Mental retardation 1 ).
The IQ score for mental retardation is below 70-75. Mental retardation occurs in 2.5-3% of the
general population, and about 6-7.5 million mentally retarded individuals live in the United States
alone ( Mental retardation 1 ).
Mentally retarded children learn to walk and talk much later than the general population (
Mental retardation 1 ). The symptoms may appear at birth or later in childhood ( Mental
retardation 1 ). About 85% of the mentally retarded population is in the mildly retarded category, their IQ score ranges to 50-75, they often can reach up to a 6th grade level ( Mental retardation 2
). They can live independently with community and social support ( Mental retardation 2 ).
About 10% of the mentally retarded population is considered moderately retarded, with the IQ scores that range from 35-55, they also carry communication skills as a child, they function okay,
but need to be with the community in a supervised environment such as a group home ( Mental
retardation 2 ). Also about 3-4% of the mentally retarded population is severely retardation with
IQ scores of 20-25. They may be able to develop self-care and communication skills with the
support and training, and they need a high level of supervision ( Mental retardation 2 ).
People who are mentally retarded often live with family or members of the family. People with the most severe disabilities are often given support and government financial help ( Mental
retardation ). People with mental retardation who have no relatives, the state provides and
subsidizes care through traditional institutions, state schools, special homes, and nursing homes,
programs and intermediate care facilities for the mentally retarded ( Mental retardation 2 ).
Sometimes for elderly parents it becomes to difficult to care for their child, therefore that's when
the role of siblings and other's come into place.
A new study finds that rearrangements at the end of chromosomes represent one of the most
common cause of moderate to severe mental retardation ( DNA furnishes tips to mental
retardation 1 ). Identified DNA rearrangements often run in families, including the need for
genetic screening for children who have mental handicaps unknown of ( DNA furnishes tips to
mental retardation 1 ). A study says that changes on chromosome is often occur in children
with unexplained mental retardation ( DNA furnishes tips to mental retardation 1 ). Also
Also researchers examined chromosome ends in 284 children with moderate to severe
unexplained mental retardation ( DNA furnishes tips to mental retardation 1 ).
All living things pass on traits from one generation to the next according to a systematic set of
"Blueprints." Egg and sperm cells, are formed to carry only one set of 23 different chromosomes
that are found in the human...
Cited: "Gentics." Worlf of Health. Gale Group, 2001. Reproduced in Student Ressource
August 2000. April 4, 2001 http://www.galnet.com/Servlet/SRCHealth/
Bowker, L " Deling with Offenders Who Are Mentally Retarded ." FBI Law Enforcement
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