Mental Illness

Topics: Mental retardation, Down syndrome, Mental disorder Pages: 15 (2538 words) Published: April 28, 2002
Unfortunately there are people who are born less fortunate than other's. Some are slower

than others, and there are some who pick up. Sadly some are made fun of because of the

condition. This is when mental retardation comes into place. In my report I will be talking about

mental retardation and the different kids of mental illnesses.

Mental retardation is often thought of a disease ( Mental retardation 1 ). Disease would be the

wrong term. Mental retardation is a term for wide range or conditions ( Mental retardation 1 ).

The meaning of mental retardation depends on what society demands of the individual in learning

skills, and social responsibility ( Mental retardation 1 ).

Mental retardation is most often appeared in children under the age of 18 ( Mental retardation ). A person is considered mentally retarded if they have an intellectual functioning level below

average and significant limitations in two or more adaptive skill areas ( Mental retardation 1 ).

The IQ score for mental retardation is below 70-75. Mental retardation occurs in 2.5-3% of the

general population, and about 6-7.5 million mentally retarded individuals live in the United States

alone ( Mental retardation 1 ).

Mentally retarded children learn to walk and talk much later than the general population (

Mental retardation 1 ). The symptoms may appear at birth or later in childhood ( Mental

retardation 1 ). About 85% of the mentally retarded population is in the mildly retarded category, their IQ score ranges to 50-75, they often can reach up to a 6th grade level ( Mental retardation 2

). They can live independently with community and social support ( Mental retardation 2 ).

About 10% of the mentally retarded population is considered moderately retarded, with the IQ scores that range from 35-55, they also carry communication skills as a child, they function okay,

but need to be with the community in a supervised environment such as a group home ( Mental

retardation 2 ). Also about 3-4% of the mentally retarded population is severely retardation with

IQ scores of 20-25. They may be able to develop self-care and communication skills with the

support and training, and they need a high level of supervision ( Mental retardation 2 ).

People who are mentally retarded often live with family or members of the family. People with the most severe disabilities are often given support and government financial help ( Mental

retardation ). People with mental retardation who have no relatives, the state provides and

subsidizes care through traditional institutions, state schools, special homes, and nursing homes,

programs and intermediate care facilities for the mentally retarded ( Mental retardation 2 ).

Sometimes for elderly parents it becomes to difficult to care for their child, therefore that's when

the role of siblings and other's come into place.

A new study finds that rearrangements at the end of chromosomes represent one of the most

common cause of moderate to severe mental retardation ( DNA furnishes tips to mental

retardation 1 ). Identified DNA rearrangements often run in families, including the need for

genetic screening for children who have mental handicaps unknown of ( DNA furnishes tips to

mental retardation 1 ). A study says that changes on chromosome is often occur in children

with unexplained mental retardation ( DNA furnishes tips to mental retardation 1 ). Also

Also researchers examined chromosome ends in 284 children with moderate to severe

unexplained mental retardation ( DNA furnishes tips to mental retardation 1 ).

All living things pass on traits from one generation to the next according to a systematic set of

"Blueprints." Egg and sperm cells, are formed to carry only one set of 23 different chromosomes

that are found in the human...

Cited: "Gentics." Worlf of Health. Gale Group, 2001. Reproduced in Student Ressource
Center--Health Module
August 2000. April 4, 2001
Bowker, L " Deling with Offenders Who Are Mentally Retarded ." FBI Law Enforcement
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