“Mental Health with the Focus on Alcohol Behavioral Perspectives”
A mental health system is one that has perpetually plagued society and the one being focusing on will be alcoholism in the mental health. Approximately 64% of Americans drink. Many Americans are exposed to alcoholism in the family and of the over 15 million alcoholics in this country,500,000 are youth between the ages of nine and twelve. (National Institutes of Health [NIH] and NIAAA 2007).Psychologist, clinical social workers,mental health therapists, and marriage and family therapists reveal that their potential for treatment error essentially revolves around the limited resources for behavioral health and the unpredictability of clients crisis. Most community healthcare systems are simply unable to accommodate everyone's mental heath needs. Thus, the required prioritization of available resources inevitably leads to error when violent, homicidal or suicidal tendencies are missed. Alcoholism is a physical and psychological addiction to a psychoactive substance. It includes chronic health and behavioral disorders. Fifty years ago, a person seeking help for a serious alcohol problem would have been treated for months in a psychiatric hospital diagnosed using the American Psychiatric Association Greybook. Today people with alcohol abuse disorder have a better chance of being identified and finding support and/or being required by the criminal justice system to undergo treatment. In order to determine which philosophy of alcoholism best fits with their own beliefs and practices, mental health provider's must understand the fundamental tenets of behaviorism.
How many people in today's society have told themselves that they do not have a drinking problem? They make up excuses for why they drink. Here is a list of five types of alcoholics that would help us see alcoholism in a new light; quoted extensively the five -dependent subtypes created by Dr. Moss and colleagues. Young Adult subtype: 31.5% of U.S. alcoholics’ young adult drinkers, with relatively low rates of co-occurring substance abuse and other mental disorders, a low rate of family alcoholism, and who rarely seek any kind of help for their drinking. Young antisocial subtype: 21% of U.S. alcoholics. Tend to be in their mid-twenties, had early onset of regular drinking, and alcohol problems. More than half come from families with alcoholism, and about half have a psychiatric diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder. Many have major depression, bipolar disorder, and anxiety problems. More than 75% smoke cigarettes and marijuana, and many also have cocaine and opiate addictions. More than one third of these alcoholics seek help for their drinking. Functional subtype: 19.5% of U.S. alcoholics. Typically middle-aged, well-
educated, with stable jobs and families. About one third have a multiply generational family
history of alcoholism, about one quarter have major depressive illness sometime in their
lives, and nearly 50% are smokers. Intermediate familial subtype: 19% of U.S. alcoholics.
Middle-aged, with about 50% from families with multiply-generational alcoholism. Almost
half have had clinical depression, and 20% have had bipolar disorder. Most of these
individuals smoke cigarettes, and nearly one in five have had problems with cocaine and
marijuana use. Only 25% ever seek treatment for their problem drinking. Chronic severe
subtype: 9% of U.S. alcoholics. Composed mostly of middle-aged individuals who had early
onset of drinking and alcohol problems, with high rates of antisocial personality disorder and
criminality. Almost 80% come from families with multiply generational alcoholism. They
have the highest rates of other psychiatric disorders including depression, bipolar disorder,
and anxiety disorders as well as high rates of smoking, and marijuana, cocaine, and opiate
dependence. Two thirds of these...
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Bernstein,Douglas A., and Peggy Wright. Nash. “Psychological Disorders.” Essentials of Psychology. Fourth ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1999. N. pag. Print.
Alcoholism “Alcoholism Statistics.” (January 2008). available [->1].
Substance abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Results from the 2005 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings. Rockville, MD: Office of Applied Studies, 2006.
Substance abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). 2003. National expenditures for mental health services and substance abuse treatment,1991-2001.
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