The Mental Health Act
The mental health act is an act design to protect people with mental illness. It was originally written in 1983 and reformed in 2007. It sets out clear guidance for a health professional when a person may need to be taken into compulsorily detained in a hospital. This is known as sectioning. This helps carers who are unable to cope without help. People can be sectioned if the health care profession thinks they are a danger to themselves, they are a danger to another person or in danger of abuse from another person. The health professionals have a duty of care to the patient who is mentally ill. They must provide get the right treatment and to give them and their families the right information. The act gives rights to relatives, social workers, doctors and other health professionals to detain a person for their own safety. The act is used by mental health specialist and GP to treat the mentally ill. The mental health act has over 100 sections. However some sections are more relevant to people with dementia. The sections that appeal to people with Dementia are: section 2, section 3 and section 117. Section 2
This section set out clear guide leads sectioning. A person can be taken into care if the health profession thinks they are at risk. This is so they can be accessed; a section can last 28 days. A section can be from a health professional or a person’s next of kin. Compulsorily detainment normally done by health care professions. To ensure that people are sectioned when needed safely the local authority has a duty to provide training to the health professional to perform this role. In order to get a person sectioned, two doctors must agree that there is a clear risk to person and that sectioning is the best option. They most sign a medical recommendations stating why someone can only be treated in a psychiatric hospital. One of the doctors most have special experience in working with people with a mental disorder. The second is normally someone who knows the person, such as their GP or local nurse. The health professional must interview the person and be satisfied that detention in hospital is, given all the circumstances, the most appropriate way of providing the care and medical treatment they need. The health professionals must admit the person to the hospital within 14 days of when the medical recommendations were signed. Once admitted, the person will have to stay in the hospital and be closely supervised for their and other people's safety. Under section two a person can be detain if they are suffering from a “a mental disorder of a nature or degree that warrants detention in hospital for assessment” and if being detained is in the interest of your own health or safety or the health and safety of others. Section 3 -detention for treatment
This section allows for people to be detained in a hospital for treatment; they can be kept against their will for 6 months. After this the section can be renewed for another six month, then for a year at a time. The treatment can start as soon as someone is detained under section 2 or if it is clear from the start that the person is not willing to accept treatment voluntarily. Either a mental health care professional or the person's next of kin can apply for the person to be taken into care. To be detained under section 3 the person must be suffering from a “mental disorder of a nature or degree” that makes hospital treatment the most suitable treatment and for the right medical treatment is available. It must be necessary to detain someone for their own health or safety, or for the protection of others, that you receive such treatment and it cannot be provided unless you are detained under this section. Treatment for dementia may include therapies such as problem-solving therapy and cognitive behavioural therapy, specialist mental health nursing, and care. However the care professional cannot admit someone to hospital under section three without the next...
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