Men Who Kill: Serial Killers
University of the Rockies
Previous research results regarding the characteristics of male serial killers has long been inadequate and unstable at best. Although there has been little agreement amongst researchers, limited recognition has been given to the Hickey Trauma-Controlled Method (2002) as it pertains the sexual motivations of serial killers. As a result, in 2004, Dr. William Amdt, Dr. Tammy Hiepas, and Dr. Juhu Kim conducted a quantitative study, attempting to address known past difficulties and inaccuracies. They hoped to provide additional solid data and a conceptual framework, while also focusing on providing other strong, measurable data. The study used the HTCM (Hickey, 2004) to further validate and establish this method as a reliable and recognized standard. The sample consisted of 176 previously verified cases identified in Newton's book Hunting Humans (1990). Hunting Humans contains the largest collection of proven data about serial killers ever collated. Through this study, Amdt, Hiepas, & Kim (2004) were able to show connections and verify past data while also supplying new supporting data. They proved how well the HTCM (Hickey, 2002) worked in cases, thus stabilizing its reliability and offering a true and tried conceptual framework for use in further research. The results of independent investigative research have also been cited herein to support the effectiveness of HTCM (Hickey, 2002). The results of this study stabilized commonly held beliefs, while greatly adding past research findings, making this one of the most successful studies ever conduct on this subject.
Men Who Kill: Serial Killers
Since 1888, when Jack the Ripper first perpetuated his reign of terror on London's East End (Jack the Ripper, 2014), serial killers have remained the subject of continued speculation, morbid curiosity and immense fascination. Much like the old train wreck adage, the public just cannot seem to turn away. As such, the apparent lack of solid quantitative research on this subject is very surprising. Past research appears to identify few commonalities in both definition and theory, and despite numerous proposed theories, there is a great deal of disagreement amongst theory providers regarding why serial killers kill, and how they chose their victims. As a result, Dr. William Amdt, Dr. Tammy Hiepas, and Dr. Juhu Kim conducted a quantitative study in 2004, with a dual purpose of addressing known past difficulties in the clarification of definition data and conceptual framework, while focusing on providing other strong, measurable information. Their research verified, expanded upon and collated results reported in previous studies. In addition, they chose to utilize the Hickey Trauma-Controlled Model (2002) as the framework to validate an already acceptable research method. Their results, "Critical Characteristics of Male Serial Murders", first appeared in the Fall 2004 Edition of the American Journal of Criminal Justice. Literature Review
Amdt, Hiepas, and Kim (2004) state many researchers either do not attempt to define "serial killer", and those who try often disagree, making definition difficult. However, there does seem to be a consensus amongst researchers that a definition should include the elements of time between killings and the number of victims. Conversely, purported time between killings range from 72 hours to a month, with a cooling off period between killings. There is a difference of opinion whether two or three victims constitute "serial" killing. Other suggested indicators can be the location and number of locations used by the killer, as well as whether the crime occurs during day or night. Previous attempts of creating a definition has been from extremely broad to very descriptive, depending on which study is being cited (Amdt, Hiepas, & Kim, 2004).
Motive is often more the focus than...
References: Arndt, W. B., Hietpas, T., & Kim, J. (2004). CRITICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF MALE
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