Memory Processes

Topics: Memory processes, Memory, Hippocampus Pages: 15 (1762 words) Published: April 1, 2014
General Psychology: Chapter 7

1.
2. The study of memory primarily involves examining the processes of 3. A)
4. extinction, generalization, and discrimination.
B)
reinforcement, primacy, and recency.
C)
classical conditioning and operant conditioning.
D)
encoding, storage, and retrieval.

5.
6. Encoding is the memory process primarily concerned with
7. A)
8. getting information into memory.
B)
retaining information over time.
C)
taking information out of storage.
D)
registering information with our senses.

9.
10. Storage is the memory process primarily concerned with
11. A)
12. getting information into memory.
B)
retaining information over time.
C)
taking information out of storage.
D)
registering information with our senses.

13.
14. Retrieval is the memory process primarily concerned with 15. A)
16. getting information into memory.
B)
retaining information over time.
C)
taking information out of storage.
D)
registering information with our senses.

17.
18. You and your friend are at a party. In order to introduce your friend to a person you have met recently, you must 19. A)
20. encode that person's name.
B)
retrieve that person's name.
C)
store that person's name.
D)
recode that person's name.

21.
22. Divided attention occurs when
23. A)
24. one is engaging in selective attention.
B)
when one is focusing on a stimulus.
C)
when one is focusing on several stimuli.
D)
when one is processing information.

25.
26. Which of the following is not associated with the level of processing theory? 27. A)
28. shallow level
B)
intermediate level
C)
middle level
D)
deeper level

29.
30. Information processed at an intermediate level
31. A)
32. is analyzed in terms of its physical features
B)
is recognized and given a label
C)
is processed in terms of its meaning
D)
is processed in terms of its associations

33.
34. You are reading a book, and your friend Rachel asks you a question. By the time you say, “Sorry, what did you say?” you “hear” her question in your head. This is due to 35. A)
36. echoic memory.
B)
long-term sensory memory.
C)
working memory.
D)
iconic memory.

37.
38. Driving down a busy street, your ___________ memory likely takes note of visual stimuli, but does not encode or retain this information. 39. A)
40. sensory
B)
echoic
C)
short
D)
episodic

41.
42. Iconic memory is retained for
43. A)
44. an hour.
B)
1 second.
C)
30 seconds.
D)
1/4 of a second.

45.
46. Echoic memory is retained for
47. A)
48. a lifetime.
B)
several seconds.
C)
1/4 of a second.
D)
long-term use.

49.
50. Repeating a list of words several times, so you can better remember them, refers to the encoding process known as 51. A)
52. rehearsal.
B)
deep processing.
C)
elaboration.
D)
organization.

53.
54. What would be the best way to chunk the letters CATPUPPYBIRD? 55. A)
56. CA TPU P PYB IRD
B)
CAT PUPPY BIRD
C)
ABCDIPPPRTUY
D)
YUTRPPPIDCBA

57.
58. Which of the following statements is true concerning working memory? 59. A)
60. The capacity of working memory is essentially the same as that of long-term memory. B)
Working memory is rarely able to hold more than 5-9 units of information. C)
Information remains in working memory for extended periods of time. D)
The capacity of working memory is infinite.

61.
62. Which is another term commonly used for short-term memory? 63. A)
64. retroactive memory
B)
cognitive memory
C)
functional memory
D)
working memory

65.
66. How does Baddeley's view of working memory compare to that of Atkinson and Shiffrin? 67. A)
68. Baddeley views working memory as more complex than do Atkinson and Shiffrin. B)
Baddeley believes that working memory's capacity is larger than 9 items. C)
Baddeley views working memory as essentially the same as long-term memory. D)
Baddeley believes that working memory has a greater duration than 30...
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