The Rise of Hitler and 20th Century Anti-semitism
For the holocaust to work not only was anti-Semitism essential but the Nazis also needed to change and reinforce the cognitive aspect of German culture, because although it was already slightly anti-Semitic it was still not strong enough to allow for a Holocaust. To do this Hitler employed Josef Goebbels as minister of “Propaganda and Enlightenment”, he was soon to become synonymous with the Nazi party.
[IMAGE][IMAGE]Text Box: Mein Kampf, Hitler’s book which he wrote whilst imprisoned in 1923. Text Box: Adolf Hitler playing with his dog, Blondi, at field headquarters 1943
Hitler himself was born in Austria to a civil servant, he was a slow learner and did poorly in school, and due to this his very strict farther would often beat his son. When he was old enough he went to Vienna and tried to get into to art school but was rejected, whilst Jewish painters got in (this was one of the starting blocks for his hatred). Hitler then joined the army in the First World War and was injured during a gas attack, earning him the Iron Cross. He was then commissioned to carry out spy projects to gain information on political parties who may have been a threat to the German
government. One of these parties was a German Workers Party, he found himself joining this group, drawn in by the appeal of the secrecy and anti-Semitism. Hitler became the speaker for the party in 1919 and renamed the party the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP/NAZI). One year later he declared himself the Fuhrer of the party. In 1923 Hitler attempted a coop against the Bavarian government, but he failed and was jailed for several months where he wrote “Mein Kampf” or “My Struggle” in English. The Nazis regrouped and by January 1933 Hitler was Chancellor of Germany. One month later a fire mysteriously destroyed the German parliament building Hitler passed bill after bill giving the Chancellor more and more power. In March of 1933 he passed the Enabling Act which gave the Chancellor more power than the president. He soon set to work destroying other political parties and by the end of 1933 the Nazi party was the only one left. In August 1933, after having had his oldest allies the SA executed in June because he felt them a threat, and after the old president dying he abolished the presidents office and effectively made himself both head of government and head of state. Giving Germany no way out if they grew tired of him. So what that means is if they wanted rid of him they couldn’t turn to say, the king, as Italy would do when they were to grow tired of Mussolini.
Josef Goebbels was an undisputed master of propaganda, he was born into a strict Catholic, working-class family from Rheydt, in the Rhineland, on 29 October 1897. A very intelligent man he went on to study History and Literature at the University of Heidelberg, studying under a Jewish professor, Friedrich Gundolf.
[IMAGE]Propaganda was to play a major part in the Nazi’s rise, and the rise of anti-Semitism in the 20th century. Throughout his life Goebbels suffered from a mental torment about a crippled foot due to contracting Polio as a child, due to this he was rejected from the army to fight in World War I. As the great depression hit Germany in
Text Box: This example of Nazi racial propaganda depicts Jews as "bastard sons" of Asians and Blacks.1927 Goebbels capitalised on this with the skill of a master propagandist and played on the nations psyche with “ice cold calculation”, at this point he was still only in charge of one wing, the Berlin wing, of the Nazi party. Hitler was deeply impressed with his ability to turn the small Berlin section of the Nazi party into the great power in the north of Germany it had become, Hitler appointed Goebbels the leader of Nazi propaganda in 1929, years later, in 1942 he observed of Goebbels, "Dr. Goebbels was gifted with the...
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