Medieval Tapestry Makers
Guilds played an important part of the medieval lifestyle. Crafts were one of the most important guilds that kept specialized craft secrets inside the town. Tapestry making was a common art form and guild.
Tapestry is an art form threading hand-woven fabric using either ones fingers or a bobbin. A bobbin is a reel that helps hold the yarn while weaving. The fabric is woven onto a loom which is a structure that allows parallel threads to be held straight so horizontal threads can be woven through. The parallel threads are called “warp” threads and they are traditionally un-dyed wool. The horizontal threads are called “weft” threads and they bring all of the color and life to the tapestries. The weft wool is dyed using berries, bugs, fruit, and other plants. In the medieval time period, men created tapestry to represent their adoration for God. The art is gothic and filled with religious meaning and romance. Tapestries played a big part in medieval churches by being displayed and showing biblical lessons. Unlike other art forms, tapestries were easy to transport, clean, and hang up when needed. Most nobles would roll up tapestries and carry them while on trips. The beauty, durability, and the simple maintenance made tapestry a popular craft. Tapestry designs were most often drawn out by artists and woven by weavers. The artist would make a drawing called a “cartoon” to use as a base for the tapestry. The cartoon would be placed on the loom to be traced by the weavers. A group of weavers usually worked on one medium to large sized tapestry at a time. The process could take from as little as one month to as long as a few years. Tapestries took such a long time to make because of the overwhelming amount of detail. In each tapestry there are a ton of characters and designs covering the whole frame.
The most famous medieval tapestry is the Bayeux Tapestry. The tapestry was used more as a medium to record a historic event rather...
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