Medical Terminology Spring Pressession 2014
Homework 10 page 685 review of terms
1. Ankylosis- abnormal condition of stiffness (often referring to fixation of a joint, such as the result of chronic rheumatoid arthritis) The patient was experiencing rheumatoid arthritis more and more often causing her to have ankylosis in her knees.
2. Bursitis- inflammation of a bursa. Bursitis is charscterized by joint pain and tenderness when you press around the joint, stiffness and aching when you move the affected joint, swelling, warmth or redness over the joint.
3. Lordosis- abnormal condition of bending forward (incrreased concavity of the lumbar spine as viewed from the side). After having open heart surgery, the patient started experiencing lordosis from his sternum being sewn together.
4. Myasthenia- muscle weekness. Most patients with myasthenia experience it first in the muscles of their eyes.
5. Osteopenia- abnormal reduction of bone mass (caused by inadequate replacement of bone lost to normal bone lysis and can lead to osteoporosis). Post-menopausal women are at risk for osteopenia because of the loss of estrogen.
6. rachischisis- fissure of the vertebral column. Rachischisis is also called spina bifida and is present at birth.
7. bunion- abnormal prominence of the joint at the base of the great toe. Having shoes that do not fit right may cause you to develop a bunion, especially in elderly people.
8. gout- disease in which an excessive amountof uric acid in the blood causes sodium urate crystals deposited in the joints. Because of his excessive drinking of alcohol, Allen experiences mounthly flair ups of gout wmd arthritis.
9. anthrography- radiographic imaging of a joint. Antgrography was used on a paitient with pins and needles in her ankle instead of using an MRI.
10. Arthralgia- pain in the joint. Mrs. Patricia experiences arthalhia during her chronic flair ups of arthritis.
11. Bradykenesia- slow movement. Old age comes