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Medical Model Of Disability Analysis

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Medical Model Of Disability Analysis
The medical model of children with disability stresses the importance of curing and preventing disability, and disability is somehow seen as a tragedy. This has resulted in screening in pregnancy which is quite a controversial subject in some quarters. In previous generations children for whom no ‘cure’ was found were sent away to institutions or kept out of sight. Later children were sent to specialist schools rather than kept in the mainstream. It is now recognised that for many children this meant they had a limited education, as expectations were low. The medical model is therefore criticised for stigmatising disability.

The social model of disability assumes that all individuals have needs but also strengths, preferences and skills. This

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