Medical Benefits and Risks Involved in Male Circumcision

Topics: Circumcision, Foreskin, Penis Pages: 3 (1039 words) Published: December 4, 2013

Male Circumcision
A surgical procedure for males that is so easily overlooked and such a norm for many to undergo, male circumcision is a topic one must be educated about. Male circumcision according to Mayo Clinic “is the surgical removal of the skin covering the tip of the penis” (Mayo Clinic). It is commonly done on newborns, although it can be done later in life as well. The United States and other places around the world including Africa and Europe participate in this removal of the foreskin, but the question is why do so many do so? Is it because of health reasons or cultural norms? As so many people do it, why might some be so against it? Male circumcision is a major controversy and is a debatable topic. There are many sides to the idea of male circumcision. I believe that there is no right or wrong as long as you are educated and informed about the pros and cons of the procedure and decide knowledgeably. Many parents decide to circumcise their boys as newborns with the intent that it’s a health precaution as well as a protection against sexually transmitted diseases. There are many studies that show results that males have a lower chance of getting HIV if circumcised, it is not limited to just the US but other countries too. A journal by Bertran Auvert revealed “acceptability of male circumcision among uncircumcised men in southern Africa is high, at about 60 - 70%” (Auvert 150-151). So with many studies with similar results many organizations including The World Health Organization (WHO) and UNAIDS are “implementing national male circumcision programs to help prevent the spread of HIV” (Auvert 150-151). While programs and people are pushing for circumcision for the prevention of STDs and infections, there are also discussions to improve techniques done in some countries including Africa. As a journal I came across put it “redirecting male circumcision from traditional providers to hygienic clinics” (Gilliam, Brooks, Leibowitz, Klosinski, Sawires,...

Cited: Auvert, Bertran et al. “Key facts on male circumcision.” SAMJ, S. Afr. med. j. [online]. 2009, vol.99, n.3, pp. 150-151. Web. 1 Feb. 2013. .
Bailey, Robert, Stephen Moses, and Allan Ronald. "Male circumcision: assessment of health benefits and risks." BMJ Group. 74.5 (1998): 368-373. Web. 1 Feb. 2013.
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