Mediation, Conciliation and Arbitration in Conflict Management

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MEDIATION, CONCILIATION AND ARBITRATION IN CONFLICT MANAGEMENT

Outline
a. Introduction
b. Definitions of conflict
c. Conflict management
d. Negotiation, Mediation, Conciliation and Arbitration as in Conflict Management
e. Recommendation
f. Summary/Conclusion

Introduction
Conflict is a natural phenomenon in every human societal living. It exits whenever people or groups disagree over which goals or values to pursue and the method and timing to be adopted in that regard. Since conflict is inevitable, it must be properly managed to mitigate its effects on human society

Conflict
From a Latin word ‘pugna’ means ‘to clash or engaged in a fight’. It means a confrontation between one or more parties aspiring towards incompatible or competitive means or ends[1].
Conflict is said to be present when two or more individuals or groups pursue mutually incompatible goals. It is an inevitable aspect of human interaction (Renwick et al, 1982)[2].

Conflict management

It is an interventionist effort towards prevention the escalation and negative effects of ongoing violent conflicts. It also involves the efforts to prevent, limit, contain, or resolve conflicts, while building up the capacities of all parties involved in other to undertake peacebuilding.
It is based on the concept that conflicts are a normal part of human interaction and are rarely completely resolved or eliminated, but they can be managed by such measures as negotiation, mediation, conciliation, and arbitration. (de Rivera 2009:220)[3] is of the view that conflict management through negotiation and mediation, can help promote conflict prevention.

NEGOTIATION, MEDIATION, CONCILIATION AND ARBITRATION AS IN
CONFLICT MANAGEMENT
Negotiation, mediation, conciliation and arbitration are Alternative Dispute Resolutions (ADR) - In general, ADR refers to an approach to the resolution of conflicts that does not involve litigation and seeks an outcome at least minimally satisfactory to all parties concerned. ADR tends to

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