DBQ Mechanization of the Cotton Industry in Japan and India
During the period between the 1880’s and 1930’s both Japan and India showed great increases in the use of machines to produce cotton and yarn products. While demand for these products increased, demand for workers also increased. Both countries recruited these laborers in similar fashions. Major differences between Japan and India during this time period were gender differences in workers and their working conditions. Documents 1, 2, and 6 all show the increased use of machines in both Japan and India. The production of cotton yarn and cloth chart in India (Doc 1) displays India’s increasing use of machines to create greater quantities of yarn and cloth from 1884 to 1914. Hand-spun yarn steadily decreases as the machine-spun yarn steadily increases while machine-made cloth quickly matches hand-woven cloth production. This chart proves the use of machines accumulation. The production of cotton and yarn in Japan chart (Doc 2) displays the increase in both hand spun and machine spun productions as the demand for product grows. This document simply confirms the massive demand and absorbing application for workers. An additional document comparing machine-spun to hand-spun would be helpful to accurately compare the difference in increased machine use with India. The Indian economist in (Doc 6) explains the undeniable case that hand-woven wavers simply cannot compete with the machines. As an economist, the author may be over exaggerating the rise of mechanization because he knows manufacturing with machines is entirely more efficient in cost and time efficiency and therefore will boost the economy. Document 6 presents India’s step towards a more mechanized cloth industry. Documents 4, 5, and 9 all talk about how workers are recruited from peasant families. (Doc 5) Describes cheap workers deriving from farming communities in Japan. Those communities who have surplus workers are sent to industrial centers to...
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