Mechanical wound debridement is a treatment to remove dead tissue from a wound. This helps the wound heal. The treatment involves cleaning the wound (irrigation) and using a pad or gauze (dressing) to remove dead tissue and debris from the wound. There are different types of mechanical wound debridement.
Depending on the wound, you may need to repeat this procedure or change to another form of debridement as your wound starts to heal.
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• Your health care provider may apply a numbing medicine (topical anesthetic) to the wound.
• Your health care provider will irrigate your wound with a germ-free (sterile), saltwater (saline) solution. This removes debris, bacteria, and dead tissue.
• Depending on what type of mechanical wound debridement you are having, your health care provider may do one of the following:
○ Put a dressing on your wound. You may have dry gauze pad placed into the wound. Your health care provider will remove the gauze after the wound is dry. Any dead tissue and debris that has dried into the gauze will be lifted out of the wound (wet-to-dry debridement).
○ Use a type of pad (monofilament fiber debridement pad). This pad has a fluffy surface on one side that picks up dead tissue and debris from your wound. Your health care provider wets the pad and wipes it over your wound for several minutes.
○ Irrigate your wound with a pressurized stream of solution such as saline or water.
• Once your health care provider is finished, he or she may apply a light dressing to your wound.
The procedure may vary among health care providers and