MEASURING POVERTY INCIDENCE IN BARANGAY 591, MANILA
An Undergraduate Thesis
Presented to the Faculty of the College of Political Science and Public Administration Polytechnic University of the Philippines
Sta. Mesa, Manila
In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree
Bachelor in Political Science
Diaz, Carlo R.
Dela Cruz, Mary Rose
BPS III - 1
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.0 The Problem and Its Background
2.2 Background of the Study
2.3 Theoretical Framework
2.4 Conceptual Framework
2.5 Statement of the Problem
2.8 Scope and Delimitation
2.9 Significance of the Study
2.10 Definition of Terms
2.0 Review of Related Literature and Studies
3.11 Foreign Literature
3.12 Local Literature
3.13 Foreign Studies
3.14 Local Studies
3.15 Synthesis and Relevance of Related Literature and Studies 3.0 Methodology
4.16 Research Design
4.17 Participants of the Study
4.18 Population and Sample Size
4.19 Data Gathering
4.20 Statistical Treatment
Letter to the Barangay
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
Family is the basic institution of the government. It is the core and vital structure that shapes the country. A strong family which encapsulates the primary basic rights (survival, security and empowerment) of a person, the indication that government system, policies and plans are working progressively for developing of the nation.
Poor Income for every family is not just a burden for them alone but also for the government on how they would address its needs. The consequences of having a below minimum wage salaries for those poor families are really unacceptable.
One of the Millennium Development Goals of the Philippines is to eradicate the extreme poverty and hunger. One of the factors that affect the living of Filipino families pertains to their wage. The minimum wage of P446 is insufficient for a family of 5-6 members to live decently.
Family wage is essentially the wage of the whole family as a whole, including any types of wages made off to the side. It may be hard to calculate this value. Minimum wage mainly refers to the monthly, hourly or daily wage which is acceptable for any formal employee. It is important that the workers are not expected to sell their labor below the minimum standard. The minimum wage set can differ according to jurisdiction and applies to lower their environment. A minimum wage is the lowest hourly wage that employers can legally pay to workers. Children and parents in low-income families, especially those that rely on less or minimum wage earners, are more susceptible to financial hardships than higher-income families. Many factors contribute to family poverty including underemployment and unemployment. Some may inherit poverty because of born into a particular social group defined by race, class and location. Families who constitute the “working group” may have one or both parents working at or near minimum wage. People with inadequate income typically give accounts of their difficulties in meeting basic costs, including struggling to pay for food, accommodation, clothing, education, health care, utilities, transport and recreation and trying to balance competing demands.
The poverty incidence is the percentage of poor compared to the total population. By means of these, we can identify how many families are living below poverty line. The government can address the issue in a more specific and particular way, government programs and policies will be given an emphasis in concentrating its forces for the poor families. Minimum wage increases reduce poverty but that the...
References: Sawhill (1988) loc. P. 1112.
Aldi Hagenaars and Klass de Vos, K. (1998) “The Definition and Measurement of Poverty” The Journal of Human Resources, Vol. XXIII, No. 2 p.220.
E. De Vera, “NCR minimum wage insufficient – IBON”, Manila Bulletin, April 24, 2012, p.14.
J.G Chan, Labor Standards and Social Legislation, Vol. 1, 2009 Revised Edition, p.480.
C.A Azucena, the Labor code with comments and cases, vol.1, 5th edition, 2004, p.156
M.V Remo, “GMA to push for tax exemption for minimum wage earners.
Kaviyarasu Elangkovan, International Journal of Academic Research in Economics . Sept. 2012, Vol.1.
Katz an Autor,(1999), Goldin and Katz (2001), and Acemoglu (2002) for overviews of literature.
Intal, 1994; Marquez and Virola, 1995.
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