The Millennium Development Goals consist of eight goals which were established by United Nations in 2000 following the Millennium Summit. Bangladesh along with other 188 United Nations members were committed to achieve the goals by 2015. So far, Bangladesh has achieved radical success in terms of acquiring the MDGs such as under-five mortality reduction, minimizing poverty gap ratio, net enrollment in primary education and so on. The eight MDGs for national development are given below:
Eradicating extreme poverty and hunger
Achieve universal primary education
Promote gender equality & empower women
Reduce child mortality
Improve maternal health
Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases
Ensure environmental sustainability
Develop a global partnership for development
Two goals of the MDGs can be related with the industrial development of Bangladesh. These two goals and their achievements will be discussed in details below.
Goal 1: Eradicating Extreme Poverty and Hunger
a) Target 1.A: Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people below poverty line.
b) Target1.B: Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people.
The above mentioned targets have so far been modestly achieved through pharmaceuticals and RMG industries.
i) RMG sector has given oppurtunity to 3.6 million people for employment. (Ahmed, 2014) ii) Provided 13% to the GDP of Bangladesh. (Ahmed, 2014) iii) About 90% of the employees are female.
i) Fulfils 97% demand of the Bangladeshi market. (Shawon, 2011) ii) More than 80 countries in the world imports from here. (Shawon, 2011) iii) Has created ample job opourtunities for local people. iv) It is the third largest sector in terms of annual income of Bangladesh. (Saad, 2012)
v) About 1% of GDP comes from this indusrty. (Saad, 2012)
Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for developement
a) Target 8.F: In cooperation with private sector, make