Harford Community College
Career and Life Planning
The MBTI – A Tool for Better Understanding Ourselves and Those Around us
Have you ever wondered why you loved history while your roommate hated it, felt inspired by one particular faculty member while your friends thought she was boring? Have you ever been uncomfortable at a party while others seem to be having a wonderful time? Do you ever wonder why others miss deadlines and never seem to have things organized? All of these are connected to our personality type and our preferred way of doing and viewing things. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) provides us with valuable information about our preferences in how we communicate, find our energy, take in and process information or data, make decisions and orient ourselves to the outside world. Analysis of these results can lead us to an in-depth consideration of the environment in which we would like to work. To complete this exercise, you will need your MBTI Results as well as your Type Profile reproduced from the Personality Type Tool Kit (both of these documents will be provided by your instructor). Think before answering and remember that no one knows you better than yourself.
MBTI Type Definitions
What follows is an abbreviated overview of the personality traits of the eight types developed by the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. They are arranged in four continuums or scales: 1. Extravert (E)
2. Sensing (S)
3. Thinking (T)
4. Perceiving (P)
We all have bits of each but tend to favor one end of the scale over the other. Your results can be found on the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Profile provided to you by your instructor. Additional information can be found on the interpretive sheets provided along with your profile. This handout will get us started. Let’s start with the scales: Extravert-Introvert: This scale explains how we get our energy. Extraverts (E) are energized by interaction with others. They love to talk, participate, organize, and be social. They are people of action. Extraverts love parties, especially when they can talk with everyone present. E's are pulled into social life and find it difficult to settle down, read, or concentrate on homework. They sometimes find it difficult to listen and need to talk to work out their ideas. They will find many college tasks challenging (reading, research, or writing) because they are solitary endeavors. Introverts (I) are energized by the inner world of reflection, thought, and contemplation. They need space and time alone. Introverts like reading, lectures, written oral work. They usually have a longer attention span and prefer to think things through before acting. I's are uncomfortable in discussion groups, may find it difficult to remember names, and hesitate to speak up in class. Introverts will have fun at a party if they can talk with one person all night. Based on your results and your own understanding of your preferences, are you an extravert or an introvert? Explain why in a few sentences:
Sensing-Intuitive (S-N) This scale suggests how you take in information. It has the biggest impact on how we learn. Sensing (S) people rely heavily on their five senses to take in information. They like concrete facts, organization, and structure. They are good at memorization, usually realistic, and relatively conventional. S's are oriented toward the present, the concrete, and the here and now. Sensing people usually like outlines, clear guidelines, and specifics. They often have difficulty with theory. They ask who, what, when, where? Sensing students read the question several times before answering it to be certain they understand it. Intuitive (N) people see the world through intuition. They learn by hunches, look at the forest rather than individual trees. They want to know the theory before deciding that facts are important. They are creative, innovative, and work...
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