Mattress and Service User

Topics: Mattress, Bedsore / Pages: 5 (1192 words) / Published: Oct 3rd, 2014

Understand the anatomy and physiology of the skin in relation to pressure area care

1.1 Describe the anatomy and physiology of the skin in relation to skin breakdown and the development of pressure sores
Skin is the largest organ of the body and can be damaged easily. Pressure sores can happen when there is a constant deficiency of blood to the tissues over an area. The most commonly affected areas include ankles, sacrum area, buttocks, hip and other bony areas of the body.
1.2 Identify pressure sites of the body
• Ankles
• Sacrum
• Buttocks
• Hips
• Legs
• Knees

1.3 Identify factors which might put an individual at risk of skin breakdown and pressure sores
• Staying in bed for extended period of time
• Staying in one position for extended period of time
• Sitting in a chair or wheelchair for long periods
• Skin being weak can be easily damaged

1.4 Describe how incorrect handling and moving techniques can damage the skin
If a service user is nursed in bed and is not turned regularly onto various sides and back this can cause pressure sores as the service user is staying in one position for an extended period of time this leads to the breakdown of the skin. If the user is kept in wheelchair or curtain chair for too long this can also damage the skin. Incorrect or non use of glide sheets and hoists affect skin as moving without these can cause pressure and damage. Service users should be moved and repositioned according to their care plan.
1.5 Identify a range of interventions that can reduce the risk of skin breakdown and pressure sores
• Turning service users nursed in bed regularly.
• Alternate sides.
• Correct use of glide sheets, hoists and manual handling.
• Regular checks on pressure sites to find a pressure sore early.
• Not keeping service user in one chair or wheelchair for long periods.

1.6 Describe changes to an individual’s skin condition that should be reported

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