# Mathematics

CLASS III-VIII

CENTRAL BOARD OF SECONDARY EDUCATION

PREET VIHAR, DELHI - 110092

Mathematics Laboratory in Primary and Upper Primary Schools for Class 3rd - 8th

PRICE : Rs.

FIRST EDITION 2009 © CBSE, India COPIES :

PUBLISHED BY

: The Secretary, Central Board of Secondary Education, Shiksha Kendra, 2, Community Centre, Preet Vihar, Delhi - 110092 : Multi Graphics, 5745/81, Reghar Pura, Karol Bagh, New Delhi - 110005. Phone : 25783846 :

DESIGN, LAYOUT & ILLUSTRATIONS BY PRINTED BY

Foreword

A major part of the formative years of a child’s life is spent in a school and hence the importance of making it a place of joyous learning has been engaging the attention of educationists. The National Curriculum Framework 2005 has elaborated on the insights of Learning without Burden to ensure that a child is not taken away from the joy of being young by de-linking school knowledge from every day experience. One of the most important areas in this respect is regarding mathematics learning in schools. Mathematical phobia has been a common jargon in school parlance that has created an elite class of good students of mathematics leaving behind a large number of students who fear the subject. In an endeavour to impress upon the schools that this misconception about the subject is mainly due to wrong teaching practices which do not link the subject with real life, the Board had introduced the concept of Mathematics Laboratory in schools up to Secondary level. It is essential to know that mathematics is very much related with real life. It is a vehicle of communication just as every language is. Through mathematics we can describe, understand and work with physical phenomena with utmost precision. The subject has application in almost all walks of life. The symbols and operations are only mechanical tools but the concepts themselves are much more than these and are very much real and related to...

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