Material handling refers to efficient short-distance movement of goods that usually takes place within the confines of a building such as a plant or a warehouse or between a building and a transportation agency.
Material handling equipment is equipment that relate to the movement, storage, control and protection of materials, goods and products throughout the process of manufacturing, distribution, consumption and disposal. Material handling equipment is used to increase output, control costs, and maximize productivity.
Objectives / Roles
1. Planning Principle
2. Standardization Principle
3. Work Principle
4. Ergonomic Principle
5. Unit Load
6. Space Utilization Principle
7. System Principle
8. Automation Principle
9. Environmental Principle
10. Life Cycle Cost Principle
Importance of Material Handling
(i) Improve efficiency of a production system by ensuring the right quantity of materials delivered at the right place at the right time most economically.
(ii) Cut down indirect labour cost.
(iii) Reduce damage of materials during storage and movement.
(iv) Maximise space utilization by proper storage of materials and thereby reduce storage and handling cost.
(v) Minimise accident during materials handling.
(vi) Reduce overall cost by improving materials handling.
(vii) Improve customer services by supplying materials in a manner convenient for handlings.
(viii) Increase efficiency and saleability of plant and equipment with integral materials handling features.
Scope of Material
6. Machine Tools
7. Truck building
8. Railroad car builders
9. Barge and Ship building
1. Storage and handling equipment
2. Engineered systems
3. Industrial trucks
4. Bulk material handling
5. On-Rails Transfer Cart