Masters Degree

Topics: Personality psychology, Psychology, Psychotherapy Pages: 6 (1789 words) Published: July 30, 2013
East Central University
07-26-2013

Theories
This paper is going to be over the philosophy theory that best describe me. I have choose the one theory that I feel best describe how I see my philosophy approach being based around. I have choose the theory of: Person-Centered theory. In this paper I am going to go over these theories, identify the skills that go along with each theory, and reflect on how it relates to myself.

The theory I am going to go over is Person-Centered Theory. Carl R. Rogers is one of the most significant psychologist , in being famous for his client-centered psychotherapy theories (Trialog, 2002). Rogers worked as a clinical psychologist, as well as observations made during the work gave the center of his theory of client-centered therapy, which was later called person-centered therapy (Rogers, 1959). Rogers was the first therapist, who rejected the approach of a therapist behaving as the expert, and proclaimed a theory where there were no patients, but clients who were treated with respect. Rogers knew the essences of the self development, believed that "the core of man's nature is essentially positive" (Rogers, 1961, p.73) and that if there are problems a personality change and a further growth is certainly possible (1959, 1961, 1977).

The concepts of Rogers’ concept of personality are: Reality is for a growing self it is limited to the environment in when the personality is created and further on works. At the time of self-information a child observes the world and behavior of people around, usually parents, and absorbs their values, making them his/her own, thus acquiring "conditions of worth" (Rogers, 1959). Which makes the conditions disturb the "organism valuing process", the ongoing process during which experiences are some how symbolized and valued according to optimal development of the organism and self (Rogers, 1959). This means that the reality perceived by a person is not exactly as it is, and each person has there own perception of reality (Rogers, 1959). Symbolization occurs as the experiences are perceived based on the values attached to such experiences (Rogers, need for optimal dev1959). Through the self development process, experiences are evaluated and perceived in interconnected manner and under the influence of developing conditions of worth. This leads to symbolization and selective perception of experiences (Rogers, 1959). Concept of Self is the way a person thinks of them selves. According to Rogers, Self is the organized and consistent concept composed of characteristic perceptions of "I" or "me" and the relationships of "I"/"me" with others and various aspects of life, along with the values attached to these perceptions (1959, p.200). Rogers claimed that human personality develops through experiences, so called "phenomenal field" on both conscious and unconscious levels (1959). In the process of the development, a part of the field gets differentiated and becomes the person's "self" (Rogers, 1959). Thus obviously the “self” develops through interaction with other people and environment during which the growing personality becomes aware his/her own functioning. The development of self is largely based on the experienced social evaluations. Psychological Adjustment, Rogers believed that a human being is "capable of evaluating the outer and inner situation, understanding them selves in there own context, which making constructive choices as to the next steps in life, and acting on those choices" (1977, p15), but these situations are evaluated and acted upon only after the initial psychological adjustment, meaning that a person subconsciously accepts only those experiences that do not come in conflict with his/her conditions of worth, and those that do not - get altered or rejected in the person’s awareness (Rogers, 1959).

Based on his concepts personality Rogers further developed his client/person-centered therapy. Rogers...

References: 1. “Personality Synopsis.” (2004). AllPsych Online. Available: (25 January 2005).
2. Rogers, C.R. (1959). A theory of therapy, personality and interpersonal relationships, as developed in the client-centered framework. Koch, S. (ed.). Psychology: A study of science. (pp. 184-256). N.Y.: McGraw Hill.
3. Rogers, C.R. (1961). On becoming a person. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
4. Rogers, C.R. (1977). Carl Rogers on personal power. N.Y.: Delacorte Press.
5. Trialog. (2002). “About Carl R. Rogers.” Available: (24 January 2005).
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