Master's project Paper

Topics: Iraq, Baghdad, Iraq War Pages: 32 (8624 words) Published: October 8, 2014

The Iraqi National Museum was established by the British traveler and author Gertrude Bell and opened shortly before her death in 1926. The Iraqi National Museum contained priceless relics from Mesopotamian civilization; it contains important artifacts from over 5,000 year long history of Mesopotamia. The National Museum of Iraq was looted in April, 2003. Its contents has been illegally scattered around the world through sales to private collectors and museums. Iraq, as of yet, is still trying to reclaim these historical masterpieces. The U.S. Army, which was the occupying power in Iraq at the time, should have anticipated the danger presented to the cultural sites. Further, once looting started it should have acted promptly to protect the museum from further damage and theft. But, as we discovered, and as the looting continued for three days, the American Army did not even move any units to protect the museum until it was too late. This project has focused on examining the conflict arising from the looting of the Iraqi National Museum. Through multiple steps, and while employing restorative justice practices within a conflict resolution scope, the effort is to resolve those conflicts.

Conflict Resolution through History: the Plundering of the Iraqi National Museum and Its Rebuilding as an Exercise in Conflict Resolution

Samir J. Hussain Alany

A Professional Project Paper
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of

Master of Arts
Conflict Resolution

Project Committee:
Tom Hastings, Chair
Robert Gould
Jean Campbell


This Project goes to the spirit of my passed parents, without them I would have never gotten this far, they were my pillars during their life and my inspiration thereafter. Their spirit will forever live with me.

I would like to start by thanking my committee members for believing in my project and for helping me realizing it. Dr. Tom Hastings, for providing me with guidance and supporting me on my endeavor. Dr. Robert Gould, for all the help, support and advice provided. Thank you for not giving up on me. Dr. Jean Campbell, for her great insight and all her help.

I also would like to thank the organizations and the people that supported my project and helped me with the execution of my event, and all those who made it a great success. Dr. Jon Mandeville for his inspiring presentation and all his help. M.A. Susan Reed for her outstanding knowledge.

The Iraqi Society of Oregon.
The American Institute of Archaeology/Portland Chapter, presented by Dr. Karen Carr. The FBI-Art Theft program.
Starbucks PSU.

And finally, above all, I would like to thank my family and my friends for standing by me and believing in me through thick and thin. I could have never realized this dream without all your help and support; you are the wind beneath my wings.

Table of contents

I. Problem Statement

II. Conflicts Risen

III. Literature Review

A. Conflict Resolution Literature Related to the Subject
B. Other Literature

IV. Project Outcome
V. Project Importance in Fulfilling Global Focus of PSU and its Contribution toward the Advancement of World Peace

VI. Supposition

VII. Project Findings and Analysis

The application of the Hague convention of 1954 on the protection of Cultural Property in the event of Armed Conflict, and the Amended Protocol of 1999, in reference to the looting of the Iraqi Museum of 2003

Problem statement
Historical museums are built for many purposes. The Iraqi National Museum was built jointly by the Iraqis and the British in the 1920s and 30s to establish a common history for the people of Iraq, bringing them together despite their various ethnicities and religions with pride in their new nation. In a war that was initiated by the American invasion, the National Museum of Iraq was looted in 2003. Its contents has been illegally scattered...

Bibliography: Anderson, C. (2003). “US find may be looted Iraqi art.” Museum Security Mailing list Reports, April 22, 2003.
Abdul Aziz Said and Nathan C
Antiquities and Heritage Law No.55 (2002), Republic of Iraq, Ministry of Culture, the Public Authority for Antiquities and Heritage, Baghdad.
Augsburger, D. (1992). Conflict Mediation across Cultures. Westminster/ John Knox press, Louisville, Kentucky.
Bertman, S
Borer, T. A. (2004). Reconciling South Africa or South Africans? Cautionary notes from the TRC. African Studies Quarterly.
Burton R., Gould R., Psychology of Conflict Resolution, 2009, course packet.
Convention concerning the protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, Paris (1972). URL_ID=13055&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTI
Fattah, H., Platz, S
FBI, Art Theft Program, FBI Top Ten Art Crimes (2010).
Fisher, R., Ury, W
George, D. (2008). “The looting of the Iraq National Museum” CAA News, May 2008, pp. 8 – 13.
“Interpol assists in recovery of ancient Iraqi sculpture in Lebanon” (2003) In Iraq Museum International, April26, 2007
“Iraq’s stolen heritage” (2003). In Museum Security Mailing list Reports, April 22, 2003.
King, M.L. (1986). A Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings and Speeches of Martin Luther King, Jr. New York: Harper Collins.
Lowenthal, C. and Urice, S. (2003). An Army for Art, the New York Times, April22, 2003.
Niebur Eisnaugle; Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, Vol. 36, 2003, retrieved 04/25/2008.
Oriental Institute, Chicago (2003). Iraq Museum Database, created: May 27, 2003, revised: April 14, 2003.
O’Rourke, M
“Program seeks to preserve history with playing cards” (2007). In Iraq Museum International, June 22, 2007.
Rich, F
Rothfield, L. (2009). The Rape of Mesopotamia. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Robbins, H. (2007). The Looters. A Forge Book, published by Tom Doherty Associates, LLC, New York, N.Y.
Rodriguez, D.M. P. (2007). Transitional justice in South Africa: Restoring the past,
Rebuilding the Future
Schiffmann, T. (2009). Presentation & Design Skills for Training Adult Learners, June 16, 2009.
Schuster, A. and Polk, M. (2005). The Looting of the Iraq Museum, Baghdad: The Lost Legacy of Ancient Mesopotamia. Harry N. Abrams, INC, New York, NY.
Simpson, M
The European Union as a Peace Building System, Dr. Harry Anastasiou, 2008, course packet.
Undiroit Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects, Rome (1995).
Williamson, R
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Project Management Research Paper
  • Project Paper
  • Project Paper
  • Project Management Paper
  • project Essay
  • Verizon Wireless Project Plan Paper
  • Guidelines for Project Paper
  • Project paper for networking essential

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free