Mehmetoglu (2004) mentioned that tourist experiences are different and depends on the novelty or familiarity of an individual. Organised mass tourists and the individual mass tourists whom demanded familiarity were known as the institutionalised and usually travel in planned tour itinerary and travel in large groups. On the other hand, explorer and drifter who see novelty as the motivation factor are known as non-institutionalised tourists and they usually travel in smaller groups and prefer unplanned itinerary and travelling to exotic places. Tourist typology will affect the relation to the visited destination chosen, and cause impacts to the locals reside in the country of visit. (Mehmetoglu 2004)
The objective of the article is to identify mass tourism and special interest tourism, and how the individual will affect and impact the tourism industry. The scope of the essay will be focused on individual motivation, the economic gains and losses, and the tourism’s culture impact through the study of Singapore. Through the case study, a conclusion for against or for Mass tourism to stay will be discussed.
1. Impact of Mass Tourism
According to Yalcn Kuvan (2010), with the growth of mass tourism, wide ranges of socio-cultural and environmental problems are rising throughout the world. The key feature of mass tourism is where it uses and converts large natural land to build tourism related facilities. On the other hand, tourism is one of the world’s largest and fastest growing industries in generating economic benefits. It is shown in The World Travel and Tourism Council in 2011 that direct tourism contributes US$16.7 billion. (World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) 2012)
1a. Economic Impact
Similarly in Singapore’s context, tourism is one of the major sources in generating foreign exchange. Back in year 2005 mentioned by Khan et al, Tourism industry contributes approximately 7% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and provides approximately 14%