Can self actualisation be achieved?
I am an extremely motivated individual and I’m very intrigued to investigate what self-actualisation is and how and if it can be achieved? If motivation can be driven by the existence of unsatisfied needs, then it is worthwhile for a under graduate student to understand the true meaning of self actualisation and which needs are the most important for individual employees Who invented the term “Self-Actualisation”?
Abraham Maslow developed a model in which basic low level needs such as Physiological requirements and safety must be satisfied before higher level needs such as self fulfilment can be pursued. So by understanding what criteria I meet and ones I do not, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs should help me to motivate myself and a create and better understanding of what I need to do in order to increase my chances of achieving my goal. This hierarchical model states that when a need is mostly satisfied it no longer motivates and the next higher need takes its place. This theory is supported by Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs (1954). * Self Actualisation
* Esteem Needs
* Social Needs
* Safety Needs
* Physiological Needs
According to Maslow’s theory if needs are not satisfied then ones motivation will arise from the quest to satisfy them. Much Higher needs such as social needs and self esteem are not felt until one has met the basic physiological needs, Such as: Air, water, nourishment and sleep. As these are the basic requirements to sustain life. When I started writing this essay I thought that my top goal was to pass my foundation degree and therefore I put myself in the top tier of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs pyramid (1954). As I carry out my research I will be able to develop underpinning knowledge and skills which will allow me to revaluate through further discussion. This will then allow me to correctly identify exactly which tier I am actually in and why. I am a very active person and I have always taken part in multiple sports from an early age to current date. I believe that subconsciously I feel I naturally think about what I eat, drink and how much sleep I get etc. This may be because of my thirst for sports and competition. I understand that if you don’t have all the ingredients for the recipe your body cannot be efficient to fuel to enable it to reach optimum capability. In relation to my place of work and studies it’s obvious this plays a big part. If I deprived myself of sleep this would dramatically reduce my performance, furthermore my concentration levels would decrease. If I were to overindulge and then attend a lecture my mind would be focused on how my stomach is aching rather than what is being taught to me. To have the best chance of achieving your goal you have to ensure that the most important thing is operating at its full potential, which is your body. The pyramid table wasn’t originally presented in Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs (1954) but I believe this was introduced to show the importance and the support of each individual step. I.e. you can’t build a pyramid upside down, it would simply fall over. Physiological needs are the true base of support for the pyramid. They are the premier building blocks, the foundations of your quest, yourself. After analysing my physiological needs and discovering that they have been met, Safety needs take precedence. Safety means that the individual isn’t susceptible to any form of physical or emotional threat/harm. Meeting safety needs may be fulfilled by: Safe place of residence; Permanent Job Position and Financial Savings. Maslow also refers to safety needs as if a person feels that they are at risk of harm then higher needs will not receive the full potential. Safety needs show that you have managed to ensure the safety and stability in your life. You are not in any emotional of physical threat or harm. Maslow (1954) suggests that you need a safe place of residence. This...
References: Zastrow, C. & Kirst-Asham, K.K. (2010) Understanding Human Behaviour and the Social Environment. 8th Ed. Cengage Learning, pp. 448
Maslow, A.H. (1943) A Theory of Human Motivation: Psychological Review, Vol 4, pp. 370-96
Branden, N. (1971) The Power of Self-Esteem: An Inspiring Look at Our Most Important Psychological Resource, New York, NY: Bantam, pp. 17
Maslow, A. (1954) Motivation and Personality. New York, NY: Harper, pp. 91
Frost, R. (1913) “The road not taken” cited in The road not taken, Birches and other poems. Claremont, California: Coyote Canyon Press. pp. 9
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