Maslow 's hierarchy of needs is often portrayed in the shape of a pyramid with the largest, most fundamental levels of needs at the bottom and the need for self-actualization at the top (Maslow and Lowery,1998[p4] . Self-actualization is the inner fulfillment of talent and creativity; then there’s self-esteem, which is the need for recognition and respect. The most desired to some is belonging, the need for family and friends. Safety is very important. This the need for stability, security, and freedom from fear. Then last but not least is the physiological aspect, the need for food, water, warmth, and shelter. Many have asked does Maslow’s hierarchy of needs make sense? For me it puts everyday life in perspective. As a single mother it is definitely a struggle to make sure basic needs are met and that my children are productive in their everyday activities. Having to provide shelter and food when funds are low is diffidently a psychological strain. If there isn’t safety then there isn’t self-esteem. Then one looks to family and hopefully the needs are met through the rough times. If there isn’t a support system those things can become desperate.
Maslow 's theory suggests that the most basic level of needs must be met before the individual will strongly desire (or focus motivation upon) the secondary or higher level needs. Maslow also coined the term Metamotivation to describe the motivation of people who go beyond the scope of the basic needs and strive for constant betterment (Maslow&Lowery 1998). Understanding Maslow’s theory can help ones motivation. The basis of Maslow’s theory is that if human beings are motivated by lower needs so that they can become secure to obtain higher needs. When this is reached one can become unselfish and secure in their place of order. When these needs aren’t met a person cannot be motivated, and can become sick or evil in their actions because their deficiency needs are not met. Before a person can act
References: .http://changingminds.org/explanations/theories/academic_references.htm#Maslow and Lowery (1998) Pyramid