Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory

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The Hierarchy of needs theory is a formation of the needs of an individual person. Basically this hierarchy are based on five level which is classified into Physiological needs, Safety needs, Love/Belonging needs, Esteem needs and Self-actualization needs. It can be illustrated with a diagram 1.0 The Diagram of Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs.

This is diagram are has been developed by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper of A Theory of Human Motivation which he subsequently extended to include his observation of humans’ innate curiosity. Therefore by understanding the needs of an individual, we might able to realize the behavior of a human being needs.

Diagram 1.0 The Diagram of Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs

Deficiency needs

In the first four layers of the pyramid which are the needs of Physiological needs, Safety needs Love and Belonging needs and Esteem needs can be identify as the Deficiency needs. If an individual are not met, the body gives no indication of it physically, but the individual feels anxious and tense.

Physiological needs

Physiological needs are the basic needs of human in order to survive. To understand, these are the needs such as food, cloths, air and other bodily needs. If a person is hungry or thirsty, all of their energies turn towards remedying these deficiencies and other needs remain inactive. These are the needs, which every person needs to fulfill in order to survive.

Undoubtedly these physiological needs are the most pre-potent of all needs. What this means specifically is, that in the human being who is missing everything in life in an extreme fashion, it is most likely that the major motivation would be the physiological needs rather than any others. Therefore a person who is lacking food, safety, love, and esteem would most probably hunger for food more strongly than for anything else.

The physiological needs of the organism (those enabling homeostasis) take first precedence. These consist mainly of excretion, eating, drinking and

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