Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
Malnutrition. Disease. Death. These are the calamities individuals face on a daily basis when deprived of biological and physiological needs, the first step of Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. A humanist psychologist known for emphasizing healthy behavior, Maslow categorized human needs into two groups: deficiency and growth. Satisfying deficiency or lower-level needs is important in order to avoid unpleasant feelings or consequences. The higher level of the pyramid, which Maslow termed as growth needs, does not stem from a lack of something, but rather from a desire to grow as a person. Unlike other motivational theorists, Maslow arranges a total of five needs ━psychological, safety, belonging and love, esteem, and self-actualization━ in order of importance. His theory was first introduced in the book Motivation and Personality, published in 1954. Physiological needs, such as air, food, drink, shelter, warmth, and sleep, comprise the first stage of Maslow’s hierarchy. Deprivation of these fundamental needs will result in limited survival abilities as well as a hindrance toward higher stages of needs. Even if only one of these needs is neglected, one’s body would not be able to perform and the individual could not possibly consider moving forward. For example, if an individual is agonizing about where he will obtain his next meal, he is obviously not concerned about city laws or the Super Bowl game that night. Subsequently the next stage involves protection, security, order, law, limits, and stability, which are broadly categorized as safety needs. A child needs a safe and stable home life before he can feel responsible for himself. He also requires order, which refers to an organized condition that allows the child to keep his world under control rather than letting chaos reign in his mind. Belonging and love needs, including family, affection, relationships, and work group encompass the third stage. A child with a lack of...
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