Mary Queen of Scots- Biography

Topics: Mary, Queen of Scots, James I of England, Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Pages: 5 (1785 words) Published: February 18, 2002
The biography that is being reviewed is Mary, Queen of Scots by Gordon Donaldson. Mary Stuart, was born at Linlithge Palace on December 8, 1542, sixs days later she became Queen of Scotland. Mary became Queen of France and soon her greediness grew and she wanted to take over England. Mary was unwilling to stay in France, so she went back to Scotland. There her second husband died and she was imprisoned in England for the suspicion of the murder. Mary had a bad ending to her life. Mary got caught in attempting an assassination of Queen Elizabeth for which she was beheaded on February 8, 1587. In conclusion, Mary had a hard life trying to keep her thrones. The first chapter in the book discusses the reign of King James V, father of Mary Stuart. He became King of Scotland at the age of one after his father's death at the Battle of Flodden. His marriage to princess Madeleine ended after her sudden death, and James then married Mary of Guise-Lorraine in 1538. This marriage cemented the Alliance between Scotland and France but worsened relations with England leading to the war with Henry VIII, which ended in Scottish defeat in 1542. James V died in Falkland Palace, on December 14, 1542, "As a worn-out, desperate man, at the age of thirty years". His daughter Mary, just six days old, was his successor.

In chapter two Mary, Queen of Scots was being educated in France, where she was sheltered from the danger of Scotland, England and France and their constant bloodshed. During Mary's childhood, France, England, and Scotland fought over religious decisions and particularly over who should control the church. At the end of the chapter, the "Book of Discipline", comes into effect on setting up a regional organization for the Church. In the beginning of chapter three, Mary is eighteen years old, married and then widowed, and she is Queen of Scotland and France. The King of England, Francis, is dying, and Mary has the thirst for more power by trying to become Queen of England. Mary's sister-in-law, Elizabeth, also finds the idea of being Queen tempting but by being illegitimate by birth, Mary feels she has the upper hand. She marries Lord Darnley, her English cousin, and is infatuated with him in the beginning, but she soon starts to dislike him and refuses his demands for crown matrimonial. Darnley becomes jealous of Mary's most trusted friend, David Rizzio, and sets a plot to murder him. In 1566, a band of nobles led by Darnley, broke into Mary's home and killed Rizzo, perhaps hoping that the shock of it would prove fatal to the pregnant queen. After the murder of Rizzio, Mary realized that Darnley, the playboy who was too interested in hunting and women, was unfitted for the political power in front of him. Mary reconciled with Darnley, but after Rizzio's murder, it was not sincere. Mary and Darnley never cohabited again, even after the birth of their son.

In chapter four, Mary is looking for the support of a man who is of assured loyalty. The strongest candidate then was James Hepburn, Earl of Bothwell. Bothwell's family was one of the most important in Scotland, with wide lands of their own and wider political leadership of other distance relatives. In February of 1567, Darnley was ill and staying at "the old Provost's Lodging". At two in the morning, an explosion demolished the lodge and Darnley was found outside, dead. Mary had visited him earlier that week for she was trying to reconcile with Darnley. She feared she was pregnant with a child and that everyone would know it could not be Darnley's. After Darnely's death, Bothwell abducted Mary, and they were married with protestant rites. By this, her people revolted for she "had thrown away her reputation, shown her approval of her husband's murder, and abandoned the church of her fathers". Even though she sacrificed her thrown for Bothwell, the marriage brought her no happiness. Before the marriage even took place, opposition was being...
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