top-rated free essay

Marx's Theory of Class

By tmor_1309 Apr 21, 2014 349 Words
The theory describing class as determined by social relations of production stems from the revolutionary German philosopher, Karl Marx (1818-1883). Ultimately, his social, political and economic ideas rose to prominence and greater recognition following his death. Marx himself grew up in a content middle-class home and it was only thirty years later that Marx published his first pamphlet in relation to class, notably in the same period he joined a communist organization known as the Communist League. Marx believed that there were two basic classes that existed in his period: capitalists and labourers. He distinguished capitalists as the dominant group and the labourers as the inferior. The dominant class control the means of production and the lower class is forced to provide labour. Based on this, it is axiomatically acknowledged through historical evidence that forms conflict occur in every differentiated society. More importantly, Marx said “The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles”, meaning history is basically a struggle between classes for dominance, regardless of the era. Marx’s theory serves as an observation of the past and a hypothesis for the future. It is thus a Marxist aim to strive for equality among classes, a solution proposed through the communist idealism. In Paradise Road, according to this theory, the dominant class is the Japanese in the given circumstances with the woman being the inferior. This is demonstrated through their inferred superiority, when the women are made to bow before the soldiers, as well as their abusive punishment methods. However, there is an inter-conflict among the woman themselves as the aristocrat women are exposed to the “commoners” at camp. For example, one woman says “We never mixed with missionaries in Singapore, we were told to look down on them”, indicating her class as a capitalist in her respective society. Marx’s theory coincides with the class conflict seen in Paradise Road, which illustrates views of class conflict through the abusive power of Japanese and the class-related diversity seen between the social groups of the women, both conforming to the main principles of the theory.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Marx's Theory of Class

    ...Marx's definition of class. It's strengths and weaknesses. - Although the concept of class has a central importance in Marxist theory, Marx does not define it in a systematic form. Marx left this problem of producing a definition of the concept of social class until much later. The manuscript of the third volume of Capital breaks off at the ...

    Read More
  • A Comparison of Marx's and Weber's Theory on Class

    ...Comparison of Marx’s and Weber’s Theory on Class by Mauricio I. Miranda Jr. 1. Marx’s Theory Karl Max’s theory on class essentially is premised on the fundamental principle that human societies are divided into two classes: the bourgeoisie or the ownership class that controls production and the ploretariat or the working class that...

    Read More
  • Critically Assess Marx's Theory of Class and Stratification.

    ...Marx class theory derived from his belief that class divisions are not found in all forms of society; classes are a creation of history. For Marx, classes are defined and structured by firstly, who owns or has property and means of production and who does the work in the production process, secondly the social relationships included in work and ...

    Read More
  • Marx's Theory on the Fall of Capitalism

    ...Germany's oldest cities, Marx was the first economist who infused history, philosophy, economics, sociology and political theory all into his work. Marx was ahead of his time, his theories were ground breaking, only time would tell whether his predictions would come to fruition. Marx's main claim was that capitalism would eventually fall due to ...

    Read More
  • Marx's Theory of Communism

    ...the history of class struggles.” (65) Karl Marx and Frederick Engels argue that the process of collective struggle originated changes in political institutions, in the society overall, and in history itself. Such struggles have occurred between the economically subordinate classes and the economically dominant classes, and therefore opened up...

    Read More
  • Outline and discuss Marx's theory of Alienation

    ...Outline and Discuss Marx’s Theory of Alienation Karl Marx’s Theory of Alienation is the assertion that through Capitalist industrial practices, the worker will experience a series of feelings of disconnection from integral parts of the labour process and ultimately, from humanity itself. I will argue that this theory will be relevant as...

    Read More
  • Marx's Conflict Theory & the Fundamentalist Theory (and how it applies to Indonesia today).

    ...1. Name and outline one theory of social change. The Conflict Theory of social change centers upon the premise that radical change in society is constant and inevitable, as existing social conditions will always contain the beginnings for a different future. The conflict theory has its origins in the writings of Karl Marx. Working in the late n...

    Read More
  • Weber's Theory of Social Class

    ...Weber's Theory of Social Class Class, Status & Party Marx saw class divisions as the most important source of social conflict. Weber's analysis of class is similar to Marx's, but he discusses class in the context of social stratification more generally. Class is one dimension of the social structure. Social status, or "social honor," is anothe...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.