Marx and Weber's Different Approaches to Class

Topics: Social class, Marxism, Working class Pages: 4 (1521 words) Published: November 9, 2011
Discuss Foucault’s argument that power is both productive and repressive.

Explain Marx and Webbers differing approaches to class.

* For Marx, class fundamentally explained two things
-the structure of inequality in a society
-the process by which that inequality would be over come.
* Marx defined class by social relationships in production. Webber
* Class situation – the class circumstance of an individual- is based in the market. The market is a concept describing the arena in which buyers and sellers come together to exchange gods and services. * For Webber class situation reflects not how individuals relate to the means of production and other people in the production process ( as it does for Marx), but what they have, and what they can bargain with for rewards in the market * Webber called these rewards and social opportunities life chances. -life chances is a term associated with the work of Weber to refer to different opportunities and differential access t resource, including education, wealth, housing, and health. * Like marks, Weber makes a fundamental distinction between people who own productive property and people who do not.

* Marks ideas about class inequality in capitalism have remained influential today, even though his predictions about the end of capitalism have been discredited. Even at the time at which he was writing, Marx’s ideas were controversial. The other equally influential classical theorist of class, Weber, is often described as writing in dialogue with “Marx ghost”, because his own writings were, in many ways, a response to Marx’s.

   In this essay I will examine the class theories of Karl Marx and Max Weber, and how they differentiate within there approaches.  Marx argued that class was determined by income and the relationship a group had to the means of production, which created a distinction between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat.  While Weber argued that class was...
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