Marx’s View of Exploitation of Labor under Capitalism
Marx was one theorist who was very much against capitalism. According to him, it is also the rich and employers who enjoyed in capitalist societies. This is because they used other people to do their biddings to be able to amass more and more wealth. For example, he argued that employers used employees to ensure they achieve high profitability. He believed that employers did not attract and select employees from the market to utilize their knowledge and skills but rather to exploit them to ensure they are able to realize high profits. The recent years have seen a rise in intern labor or free labor. This paper intends to examine Marx’s view in relation to the same or his thought on the rise in free labor. Marx’s View on Rise in Intern Labor
As mentioned above, the recent years have seen a rise in free labor such as interns who normally work without any pay. Marx would easily view this as a strategy employed by employers to exploit future potential employees. Marx was of the view that most employers if not all under capitalism are never interested in the skills and knowledge portrayed by employees. This interest in normally in exploiting people to ensure they are able to achieve their goals and objectives. With this being the case, they may not be interested in enhancing the skills of employees or improve their performances (Hodson & Sullivan 2008).
The main reason to why people agree to work for free while on internship is to acquire the right experience necessary to be considered by prospective employers in the future. Most organizations never expose interns to the required jobs that will enhance their skills and knowledge. In fact they will only use them by asking them to execute roles and duties that are in any related to their field of interest. In the end, an intern leaves the company or organization the way he or she came or even worse as some lose hope (Cutler 2010). Marx believed that employers will do almost anything to enhance their returns. This means that they will be more than willing to work with interns who may not ask for payments as this reduces their labor cost. The fact that most of them are not interested in the skills and knowledge portrayed by employees, means that they would mind to work them as long this helps them increase their profits (Hesmondhalgh 2010).
Many governments have enacted rules and regulations in relation to labor and how companies and organizations ought to remunerate their employees. As such, it has become hard for employers to continue exploiting their employees the way they did many years ago. Marx would have argued that now that employers are under the government’s watch to ensure they are treating their employees in the desired way, they have seen internship as a way to exploit potential employees without having to face the law. As such, they will use them in any way they want to be able to enhance their performances. This can explain the increasing number of unpaid interns on the market (Hodson & Sullivan 2008).
According to Marx, employers have the power to engage in almost anything to ensure the survival of their respective companies or organizations. This implies that employees only exist to follow the rules and regulations without any question. This is because they actually lack the power question the authority. Paid employees may have some power with regards to deciding the course of their companies or organizations. On the other hand, interns have no power whatsoever. They merely exist to ensure the implementation a company’s goals and objectives. This implies that no matter how they are treated, they must respect the will of the employer considering the fact that they will need his or her recommendation to gain access to permanent employment in the future. Employers on the other hand use this to their advantage knowing for a fact that interns have no choice but to comply (Hodson &...
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