Martin Luther and the Refromation
The book, Sixteenth Century Europe, by L.W. Cowie speaks about the precursors of the Protestant reformation and how they impacted on Catholicism, and it also looks at the precursors to the reformation. These precursors are what we know as the Renaissance humanists. Many of these ‘new thinkers’ provided new doctrines and biblical knowledge that would greatly impact the reformation. Without the Christiana humanists, the protestant reformation would not have changed the doctrine and beliefs of the Catholic Church.
By the 15th-century Renaissance scholars applied a new style to the scriptures, and translated many biblical texts in their own dialects and to also apply their principals into religion. Many scholars also translated scriptures into the vernacular to increase the spread of biblical text. This would allow for increased literacy rate of the masses, and would also allow them to question the authority of the Catholic Church. Also, Imitation of Christi by Thomas S Kempis was published, this book would spread the belief in the ‘perfectibility of man’ and would allow for people to not be content with what there were given but many people would now attempt to improve many things like political structure, but more importantly people were now questioning the Church, and also wanted to improve upon it. I would also like to point out that this ‘new thinking’ and questioning of the Church are the type of values, which that would lead into the scientific revolution. This new thinking would lead to the reformation. Due to the great schism, this new wave of thought looked for answers from Christian humanists. This new type of Renaissance thinking was the early stages of the reform, and the humanist’s scholars would attempt to apply biblical knowledge, which, in turn, allowed them to question the authority and relevance of the Church, and to attempt to improve or fix it. The Catholic Church was becoming...
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