Pages: 12 (3431 words) /
Published: Oct 31st, 2014
ROLES OF LEADERSHIP IN ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE
NASSIM S. HADI
FATMA AHMED HD333-C005-2500/2014
Dr. Fred Mugambi
1st July 2014
Leadership is the process of directing and influencing the task related activities of group members. It normally involves people and an unequal distribution of power between leaders and group members. Leadership is the art or process of influencing people to perform or assigned tasks willingly, efficiently and effectively. Enabling people to feel they have a say in how they do something results in higher levels of job satisfaction and productivity. Leadership may be defined as a position of power held by an individual in a group, which provides him with an opportunity to exercise interpersonal influence on the group members for mobilizing and directing their efforts towards certain goals. The leader is at the centre of group’s power structure, keeps the group together, infuses life into it, moves it towards its goals and maintains its momentum.
Leadership is a major way in which people change the minds of others, move minds of others and move organizations forward to accomplish identified goals. Leaders may emerge in a group by virtue of his personality characteristics and qualities or by virtue of common consent by group members. In the latter case, the leader derives his power from the group members. He continues in the leadership position at the pleasure of group members collectively. Leadership position exists in most group settings irrespective of the size of the group.
For example, a leader of national or international standing commands widespread influence over a large number of people while the influence of the leader of a small work
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