Marine Pollution Solution 1
Marine Pollution Solution
Axia College of University of Phoenix
Marine Pollution Solution 2
Marine Pollution Solution
“Approximately 75 million gallons of petroleum finds its way into North America’s oceans each
year. 47 million gallons comes from natural seepage out of the ocean floor. The rest comes from human
activities,” as reported by the National Research Council (NCR), (Rabalais, 2003).
The fact that not as much oil is finding its way into our oceans as previously compared NRC
reports, can be contributed to improved regulations. There has been an increasing notable decline in
oil spills from vessels, as compared to the prior decade. Nevertheless, continued research concludes
that the damage from oil pollution is much more pervasive than previously thought.
Subsequently, the biological effects of petroleum contamination can be subtle. The toxicity of the
compounds contained within the oil can have short- term effects, or they can span over longer periods
of time. Consequently, the size of the spill is not necessarily the determining factor as to its damaging
effects. Depending on how many toxins are released in the oils, entire communities of organisms maybe
destroyed by a small spill.
Additionally, aging oil pipelines near coastal cities are a potential threat. Federal agencies and
environmental agencies should work together to elevate the hazard of abandoned oil facilities and
aging pipelines to minimize the possibility of future spills.
Non-point source run-offs, watershed drainage, and atmospheric depositions are difficult to monitor
and control. A partnership between local, state and federal government need to be established in order
to control the petroleum being released by consumers and industry. Improved landscape management,
increasing the usage of hybrid vehicles and educating the public can lessen petroleum run-offs.
The power of education is the first step in order for the public to see a need for change. Ultimately,
this should lead to legislation and the funding of a clean energy policy.
Today’s technology demands abortion of fossil fuel reliance. Now is the time to adopt green
Marine Pollution Solution 3
Green energy is clean energy. Research has shown that if we invest in green energy, we will
create more jobs for our depleted economy. Clean energy fueled by renewable biofuels, wind, and
solar energy could eliminate the need for fossil fuels.
Biofuels, solar, and wind energy are the three forms of clean energy that are on the rise globally.
The private sector is already investing heavily in renewable clean energy. “Global investments rose
from $80 billion to $100 billion in 2006” (Apollo Alliance, 2006).
According to The Apollo Alliance (2006), “This plan for energy independence, will bring America together to reshape our energy future, to become stronger economically, and to ensure a cleaner and safer environment. The plan calls for making America less dependent on imported oil and making energy less polluting” (¶2).
In order to make this world-changing transition a reality, it must be headed by our elected governmental officials. Each of us can play a vital role in procuring this change. Write the...
References: Apollo Alliance. (2006). Clean Energy Economy. Retrieved January 10, 2009. from
Rabalais, N. (2003, Fall). Oil in the sea: nonpoint pollution, not oil spills, Issue in Science and
Technology. 20 1. Retrieved January 10, 2009, from Opposing Viewpoints Resource
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