History of Marijuana
Cannabis is indigneous to Central and South Asia Evidence of the inhalation of cannabis smoke can be found in the 3rd millennium BCE, as indicated by charred cannabis seeds found in a ritual brazier at an ancient burial site in present day Romania. In 2003, a leather basket filled with cannabis leaf fragments and seeds was found next to a 2,500- to 2,800-year-old mummified shaman in the northwestern Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China. Cannabis is also known to have been used by the ancient Hindus of India and Nepal thousands of years ago. The herb was called ganjika in Sanskrit (ganja in modern Indo-Aryan languages). Cannabis was also known to the ancient Assyrians, who discovered it's psychoactive properties through the Aryans. Using it in some religious ceremonies, they called it qunubu (meaning "way to produce smoke), a probable origin of the modern word "cannabis." Cannabis was also introduced by the Aryans to the Scythians, Thracians, and Dacians, whose shamans (the kapnobatai- "those who walk on smoke or clouds") burned cannabis flowers to induce a state of trance. Cannabis has an ancient history of ritual use and is found in pharmacological cults around the world. Hemp seeds discovered by archaeologists at Pazryk suggest early ceremonial practices like eating by the Scythians occurred during the 5th to 2nd century BCE, confirming previous historical reports by Herodotus. One writer has claimed that cannabis was used as a religious sacrament by ancient Jews and early Christians due to the similarity between the Hebrew word "qannabbos" ("cannabis") and the Hebrew phrase "aromatic cane". It was used by Muslims in various Sufi orders as early as the Mamluk period, for example by the Qalanders. John Gregory Bourke described use of "mariguan", which he identifies as Cannabis indica or Indian hemp, by Mexican residents of the Rio Grande region of Texas in 1894. He described its uses for treatment of asthma, to expedite delivery,...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document