Sensorial area expands the child sensory perceptions and knowledge of the world. Maria Montessori called sensorial materials the "key to the universe" because they enable the to perceive, identity and classify what he sees, touches, smells, taste and hears. SENSORIAL
The Sensorial area of the classroom uses the Sensorial Material to address the child’s Sensitive Period for the Refinement of the Senses. Dr. Montessori stated that the “Sensorial Materials are the keys to universe.” The first step for the child is to help him become aware of his senses. He uses his eyes to see; his ears to hear; his nose to smell; his hands to touch and feel; his tongue to taste. Once this is established, the second step helps to classify his impressions and refine his perceptions, for example, knowing large, larger and largest. The materials are the keys to the outside world, and they respond to the child’s need to explore and be active to gain understanding of his world around him. The quality of our senses not only helps us to orientate us to the world around, but also is a tool to aide us in building our knowledge. The development of the child’s senses is a natural process in which we, as educators, can help enrich its development. In that Dr. Montessori refers to the Sensorial materials as the ‘keys to the universe’ because they truly hold knowledge for everything. If we do not allow the children to experience the connection between the materials and their world, the child will not use them as keys to the universe. SENSORIAL EXERCISES.
A child loves to touch. Much of the world comes to him through his hands as he investigates everything in the environment. The sensorial materials, “the keys to the universe”, presents the child with a strong basis for intellectual growth and a preparation for complex learning. The activities in this area are designed to:
• Develop visual perception
• Refine the tactile senses
• Educate the child’s sense of smelling, feeling, hearing and tasting • Give opportunities for the child to compare, contrast, reason, classify and categorize physical properties in the world. The sensorial exercises provide a strong preparation for the Math area. Sensorial area (Education of the Senses) - provide a framework for all future learning and develops the child’s perceptions. Montessori called sensorial activities “the keys to the universe” as they give the child grounding for mathematics, and literacy as well as creativity, whilst developing co-ordination and concentration. Through the sensorial materials the child feeds its brain not only visually but also through touch, sound, taste and smell developing the intellect. Maria Montessori called her plan for the young child the “Cosmic Curriculum”. Cosmic in this context means comprehensive, holistic and purposeful. Cultural Activities in a Montessori environment are used to broaden the child's experiences and draw their attention to various aspects of our social and physical world, as well as providing them with some experiences related to the laws of nature. The child will develop his personality and will be taught to love and appreciate his culture in order to become a useful member of his society. We want to satisfy the child’s absorbent mind to learn and understand the natural and man-made world with clear and accurate reality, facts and information. Many of the Cultural Activities are sensorial in nature to maximize the absorption and retention by the child, who is mainly a sensorial learner at this age. A sensorial impression in the child’s mind ensures that, when he has to deal in abstractions, he is able to draw upon those impressions. They will first learn the essential forms and then after working with concrete materials again and again. Then the child will find out new and deeper type of knowledge and universal ideas which will eventually become the key to the universe. For example: a child learns about shapes in geometric cabinet...
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