Margaret Sanger (1879 – 1966), Birth control
Margaret Sanger was born as Margaret Louisa Higgins on the 14th of September 1879 in New York. She was one of the 11 children born to Catholic working-class Irish American family. Her mother went through the 18 pregnancies (11 live birth and 7 miscarriages) in 22 years so that means that every 1.2 year she got pregnant. She died at the age of 40 (some sources say at 50) of tuberculosis and cervical cancer. The family lived on poverty because of father’s preference to drink and not stable work. Margaret was convinced that mother’s frequent pregnancies were causing her premature death. All this circumstances evokes in Margaret seeking for better life and interest in birth control. With the help of her older sister in 1896 she went to Claverack College and entered the nursing program in White Plains Hospital. In 1902 she married to William Sanger and had 3 children together, but one died at the age of 5. Over next 10 years she devoted her life to being housewife and mother. In 1912 she returned back to work as visiting nurse in Manhattan. Upset by the poverty experienced as a nurse she get touched with number of women who had gone through many botched illegal abortion or self-terminate their pregnancies and mainly because one of her patient Sade Sachs died after self-induced abortion as they live in poverty and had already 3 children, Margaret made a pledge to devote her life to making reliable contraceptive information available to women. She began her campaign writing a column for New York Call entitled –What every girl should know… Shocked by the inability of the most woman to obtain accurate and effective information she start challenging the federal laws Comstock law 1873, the law banned the spreading of contraceptive information. So in March 1914 Sanger published feminist publication called The Woman Rebel using the slogan NO GODS, NO MASTERS and distributed a pamphlet Family limitation...In this book she...
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