Marcus Garvey

Topics: Marcus Garvey, Caribbean, Rastafari movement Pages: 1 (388 words) Published: March 15, 2013
Marcus Garvey
Marcus Garvey was thought of a religious prophet, a leader, and other names. Garvey was born on August 17, 1887 in St. Ann’s Bay, Jamaica and died June 10, 1940. He attended elementary schools and the Church of England high school. At the age of fourteen he left school and was employed as a compositor in the printing house of P. A. Benjamin. In 1911 began work as editor for a daily newspaper titled La Nacionale. From 1912 to 1914 he attended Birkbeck College in London. Later in 1914 he moved back to Jamaica and in August 1914 he founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). During Garvey’s life he influenced many African Americans and others. He was proponent of the Black Nationalism and Pan-Africanism movements, and a religious prophet to the Rastafarians during the Rastafari Movement. On June 27, 1919 the Black Star Line of Delaware was incorporated by members of the UNIA. The Black Star Line was a shipping line to facilitate the transportation of goods and eventually African Americans throughout the African global economy. Another one of Garvey's ventures was the Negro Factories Corporation. His plan was for creating the infrastructure to manufacture every marketable commodity in every big U.S. industrial center, as well as in Central America, the West Indies, and Africa. Garvey thought that Blacks should have a permanent homeland in Africa, and so Garvey sought to develop Liberia. The Liberia program, launched in 1920, which was intended to build colleges, universities, industrial plants, and railroads as part of an industrial base from which to operate. However it became abandoned in the mid-1920s after much opposition from European powers with interests in Liberia. Marcus Garvey’s actions during the past have made a big impact on the present. Many people who have heard the story of Marcus Garvey were influenced to follow in his footsteps in what he did. Many other people have been inspired and have decided to make...
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