Maratha Empire and Maharashtra

Topics: Maharashtra, Maratha Empire, Maratha Pages: 5 (1800 words) Published: December 2, 2010
Maharashtra -. Name itself suggests, it is varied in riches. The varied and colorful cultures, woven into one huge quilt. Its been reflected through its, forts, caves, palaces known for its rich history, its Saints, philosophers, music, handicrafts and its festivals with all their colourful rituals and traditions, all of which amalgamate together to give a true reflection of Maharashtrian Culture. The Maharashtrians are a vivacious, earthy people for whom life itself is a celebration. The state language is Marathi with languages like Hindi, English and Gujarati having almost equivalent importance. Maharashtra is a colorful state with a rich cultural heritage and a history to boast of. The culture of Maharashtra, which opens itself in ways, is also shown in the local cuisine. Maharashtra is a huge state, thus a variety of delectable cuisines are found here. Food in the state is simple like its people. The Maharashtrians respect and love their food. Maharashtrians value the unique and distinct identity they have.

Maharashtra History:
The state of Maharashtra is a land of diverse cultures. The name of the state Maharashtra has been originated from the Sanskrit word rathi which meaning a chariot driver. The earliest record of the state has been made in the second century BC with the edifice of the Buddhist caves. The name Maharashtra appeared in the seventh century in the logs of a traveler from China named Huan Tsang. According to the first records in the logs based in Badami the first Hindu king lined the state. An enduring resist was put up by the founder of the Maratha Empire Shivaji Bhosale against the Mughals. One of the supreme king and ruler of all times. In the Maratha history Shivaji Bhosale holds the highest place for all his work against the Mughals and the British. During the rule of Aurangzeb it was Shivaji who engraved the state and its empire Shivaji was succeeded by his son Sambhaji who was great warrior himself. Then came the era of Peshwas.In the history of the Maharashtra and Maratha empire the period from 1680 to 1707 was known as the period of flux and volatility.Balaji Vishwanath (1712-1721), Bajirao Peshwa (1721-1740), Nanasaheb Peshwa (1740-1761), 'Thorale' Madhaorao Peshwa (1761-1772, Narayanrao Peshwa (1772-1773), 'Sawai' Madhaorao Peshwa (1774-1795) and 'Second' Bajirao Peshwa - 1795 to 1802 were the other significant chiefs of Maharashtra. The end of India’s rule came about with the collapse of the fort of Ahmednagar in 1803. The establishment of military rule in the Deccan region during a state of pandemonium made the Peshwas rulers for namesake. The Chalukyas,Vakatakas and the Satavahanas were the other dynasties that ruled over the state of Maharashtra. The British later captured over Maharashtra and established their rule. The year 1947 marked the change of, Bombay Presidency to Bombay state. The year 1960 saw the formation of the present state of Maharashtra where the linguistic Marathi and Gujarati areas were divided, form Gujarat and Maharashtra. Maharashtra today is the financial capital of the country and has become the main channel of cultural exchange between southern to northern India. THE CULTURE AND FESTIVALS OF MAHARASHTRA:

The Maharashtrians are a vivacious, earthy people for whom life itself is a celebration. There is no surprise in the fact festivals in maharashtra are celebrated in that all festivals in Maharashtra are celebrated with copious intensity and passion. Times like these give people a inimitable occasion to understand Maharashtrian culture, with its vibrant way of life, rituals and customs. People from every walk of life, of different religions come together during festivals and add joy and excitement to their lives with their dance, music, song and culture. Festivals like these magnetize world-famous artistes -, dancers, painters, musicians, sculptors, weavers - who come together to pay honor to this state’s rich customs and heritage. People of this state are...
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