Constitutional Issues: • The question for the case involved the 4th Amendment: Protection against “unreasonable searches and seizures” and the “nationalization” of the Bill of Rights under the 14th Amendment.
Arguments: • For Mapp: o Police searched Mapp’s property without a warrant. o The incriminating evidence found during the search should have been thrown out of court and her conviction overturned. o If the 4th Amendment did not limit the prerogatives of police on the local and State level, local law enforcement would have a mandate to search wherever, whenever, and whomever they pleased. ▪ Prerogative: An exclusive right or privilege held by a person or group, especially hereditary or official right. The exclusive right and power to command, decide, rule, or judge. o Exclusionary rule that applied in federal courts should also be applied to State court proceedings. • For the State of Ohio: o “Even if the search was made without proper authority, the State was not prevented from using the evidence seized because ‘the Fourteenth Amendment does not forbid the admission of