Mao Zedong was born to a peasant family in Hunan, Southern China on December 1893. By the age of six, he already started toiling in the farm. Mao lacked adequate education, but he loved to read and had a strong sense of adventure. At the age of fourteen, Mao’s father set him up with a wife, but he did not want this. He was extremely close with his mother than his father. Later on in 1919, he moved to Beijing and found a job as a librarian; there he learned about the Communist revolution and much about Marxism. Mao Zedong can often be described as the champion of the Chinese people because he turned China in to the most powerful country through his many policies. This title can be given to him to a limited extent because although his goals were admirable and sometimes harsh, most of them ended in calamity.
Although Mao can be seen as a hero, he can also be portrayed as an oppressor. Mao said that the way to obtain power was through the means of violence. He used atrocious means to crush political opponents. Mao said, “All power grows out of the barrel of a gun.”(Michael Lynch: Page 119) For example, he tolerated no opposition towards the CCP; those who spoke up were labeled rightists and were sent to camps either being jailed or killed. In addition, Mao urged China’s youth, also know as the Red Guard, to destroy the four olds, which were the old ideas and traditions of China. Some of these old ideas and traditions included the Confucian values, Chinese literature and paintings, and antiquities. The Red Guard was ordered to destroy buildings, universities, temples, foreign books and music and much more; everything was left in ruin. Furthermore, Mao undertook radical programs that set young people against their own parents. Children were specifically told to report bad comments their parents made about the government.
A lot more of Mao’s goals were carried out in brutal ways. For example, when he captured four thousand Red Army troops, he did not let them...
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