Manual Primavera Projet

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1. SOBRE LA ADMINISTRACION DE PROYECTOS

La administración de proyectos consiste en planificar, programar y controlar la ejecución de un proyecto, a objeto de cumplir adecuadamente dentro del plazo y presupuesto previsto.

En la etapa de planificación (planning), el administrador debe identificar las actividades o tareas básicas del proyecto, estimar su duración temporal y establecer las relaciones de precedencia entre las tareas.

De igual forma, es preciso identificar los recursos (mano de obra, maquinaria, materiales) necesarios para cumplir con las diferentes tareas, definiendo su disponibilidad temporal y los costos asociados a su utilización.

En la etapa de programación (scheduling), el administrador establece un orden cronológico para la ejecución de las actividades, optimizando el empleo de todos los recursos asociados (proceso de asignación de recursos conocido como “leveling”).

Desde este punto de vista, el recurso “tiempo” puede ser medido y controlado (llevando registro de su utilización), de modo tal que el proyecto se efectúe en el menor tiempo posible y al menor costo.

La etapa de control (tracking) consiste en efectuar un seguimiento de las actividades y recursos, realizando las correciones necesarias (re-programaciones) para mantener el proyecto dentro de los plazos y costos programados.

En el mercado de los programas computacionales existen diversas herramientas para la administración automatizada de proyectos. En general, todos estos programas facilitan el trabajo del administrador de un proyecto proveyendo con información amplia y precisa respecto de las principales variables que se controlan en un proyecto. El programa Primavera Project Planner® es un buen ejemplo de ello.

2. ADMINISTRACION DE PROYECTOS

2.1. Administración de Proyectos

Un proyecto es un conjunto de trabajos con un inicio y término definido y un presupuesto determinado. Generalmente los proyectos son realizados por personas de diversas

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