Manifest Destiny

Topics: United States, Barack Obama, Manifest Destiny Pages: 34 (2040 words) Published: December 6, 2014
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1.

Origins of American Exceptionalism and Manifest
Destiny
1.1 Rhetorical Origins
1.2 Manifest Destiny

2.

American Exceptionalism and American
Imperialism
2.1 American Imperialism
2.2 “America’s Destiny”
2.3 Strategic and Imperialistic Reasons
2.4 Translatio Imperii

3.

Manifest Destiny and American Exceptionalism
in the 21st Century
3.1 G.W. Bush’s Address to the Nation (2001)

3.2 Barack Obama and the American
Exceptionalism
3.2.1 1st Inaugural Address (2009)
3.2.2 Obama’s View on American Exceptionalism
3.2.3 State of the Union Address (Jan 25, 2011)
3.2.4 A New American Exceptionalism?

ORIGINS OF AMERICAN
EXCEPTIONALISM AND
MANIFEST DESTINY

RHETORICAL ORIGINS:
- especially John Winthrop´s ''A Model of
Christian Charity''
 - biblical approach
 - Puritan colonists are god's ''chosen people''
 - New England is also referred to as ''New
Jerusalem'' and as ''city upon a hill'' (biblical
metaphor)
 - Puritans themselves are supposed to be a
shining example for other nations.


“The Lord will be our God, and delight to dwell
among us, as His owne people, and will
commaund a blessing upon us in all our ways,
soe that we shall see much more of his
wisdome, goodness and truthe, than formerly
we have been acquainted with. We shall find
that the God of Israell is among us, when tenn
of us will be able to resist a thousand of our
enemies; when hee shall make us a prayse and
glory that men shall say of succeeding
plantations: the lord make it like that of New
England: for wee must Consider that wee shall
be as a City upon a Hill, the eies of all people
are upon us.” (John Winthrop 1630)

MANIFEST DESTINY:
Origin in the 19th century
 territorial expansion, belief in progress and
ethnocentric feeling of superiority mend
together
 John O' Sullivan and William Gilpin postulate
concept of Manifest Destiny
 Manifest Destiny seen as a divine task to
expand America, to liberate others and to
bring progress


- USA lost static component (city upon a hill)
changed to aggressive dynamic imperialism
 - Mexican-American war followed in the wake
of the 1845 U.S. annexation of Texas
 - U.S. senate was concerned about expansion
of slave states and possible war with mexico
 - annexation controversial


John Louis O'Sullivan (influential political
writer) urged U.S.A to admit Texas into the
Union
 “our manifest destiny to overspread the
continent allotted by Providence for the free
development of our yearly multiplying
millions." (O'Sullivan 1845)
 Mexico ''enslaved'' Texas and is not able to
''exert any real governmental authority''Texas needed to be freed.  justified demands of territory towards GB


John L. O´Sullivan: ´´to manifest to
mankind the excellence of divine
principles, to establish on earth the
noblest temple ever dedicated to the
workship of the Most High – The Sacred
and the True.´´

http://2012english120.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/american_progr ess.jpg

“The untransacted destiny of the American people is to subdue the continent — to rush over this vast field to the Pacific Ocean — to animate the many hundred millions of its people, and to cheer them upward — to set the principle of self-government at work — to agitate these herculean masses — to establish a new order in human affairs — to set free the enslaved — to

regenerate superannuated nations — to change darkness into light — to stir up the sleep of a hundred centuries — to teach old nations a new civilization — to confirm the destiny of the human race — to carry the career of mankind to its culminating point — to cause stagnant people to be re-born — to perfect science — to emblazon history with the conquest of peace — to shed a new and resplendent glory upon mankind — to unite the world in one social family — to dissolve the spell of tyranny and exalt charity — to absolve the curse that weighs down

humanity, and to shed blessings...

Cited: Cultural History – From the Colonial Period to the End of the
19thCentury.Trier: wvt, 2007
Lippincott&co. 1873. Print
  
Stuttgart: Metzler, 2008. Print.
Trey and Stone Matt. 2003. Comedy Central. DVD.
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