The majority of mangrove forests are found within 30 degrees of the equator in both the northern and southern hemispheres and appear on every continent except for Europe and Antarctica. This means that they are located mostly in tropic climates though some have been recorded in more temperate regions (Warne, 2007). Climate has a large effect on the growth of mangroves because it determines the amount of available radiation and warmer temperatures. Precipitation in the richer mangrove forest is usually greater than 1250 mm (49.2 inches) per year (“Mangrove ecology,” 2010).
Historically, it is believed that the earliest mangrove swamps emanate from the Indonesian/Malaysian region. This theory is believed to be true because this region is where these swamps are most frequently found (Lauri, & Gibson, 2000). The mangrove ecosystem evolved around 114 million years ago (“History/evolution of mangroves,” 2010) and spread through the unique floating propagules (buds) of the major mangrove species (Lauri, & Gibson, 2000). Ocean