Manas Wildlife Sanctuary

Topics: Assam, Tiger, Hunting Pages: 5 (1569 words) Published: May 2, 2010
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary
Nakiya Reese
Axia College of University of Phoenix
Final
Manas Wildlife Sanctuary, also known as Manas National Park, is nestled in the foothills of the Himalaya Mountains. In the Wildlife Sanctuary which is approximately 360 square kilometers, is rich in grasslands and tropical forests. Not only is the scenery beautiful, but this is a home to not only plants, but many endangered animals. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is home to many species such as: tigers, wild buffalos, Indian bison’s, rhinos, and elephants. In 1992 it was placed on the UNESCO’s List of World Heritage for wilds’ protection and preserving. This paper will address the diversity of the flora and fauna in the area, human intrusions that threaten the area, and efforts made to protect Manas Wildlife Sanctuary, with much more included. Manas biogeographically diversity constitutes three major plant life varieties that include semi-evergreen forest, mixed moist and dry deciduous forests, and several types of grassland (United Nations Environment Programme, 2002). As the Web site shows, grasslands occupy approximately 45% of the park divided by two types of grassland: semi-evergreen alluvial grassland and low alluvial savanna woodland. These are some of the common trees specific for Manas’ flora: Bauhinia purpurea,_ Anthocephalus chinensis_, and Cinnamomum tamala from the semi-evergreen north part of the park, and Sterculia _villosa, Trewia polycarpa, and Oroxylum indiums _from the mixed part of the forests (United Nations Environment Programme, 2002). Forty-three different grass species, three hundred and seventy-four species of dicotyledons, including eighty-nine trees, one hundred thirty nine species of monocotyledons and fifteen species of orchid have been identified. A few plants found are:

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There have been fifty five mammals, fifty reptiles, and three amphibians recorded in the sanctuary. There are many species that are in the sanctuary that are on a highly endangered list. This means that their population is extremely low. These animals include Assam roofed turtle, hispid hare, golden langur monkey, pygmy hog. Along with these animals there are also approximately eighty tigers, clouded leopards, rhinoceros, and rare birds such as Bengal floricans, giant hornbills, jungle fowls, pelicans, fishing eagles, serpent eagles, falcons, scarlet minivets, bee-eaters, magpie robins, and many more. {draw:frame} {draw:frame}

Without proper interrelationships life forms have minimum chances to survive. A favorable place with a warm and humid climate allows the appropriate distribution of plants and animals in the part of the park most convenient to them. Many mammals are typical to rain forests while species such as tigers, wild buffalo, elephants and water birds have as their habitat the riparian grassland situated near the bank of the River Brahmaputra. A stability lasting thousands of years was found to moving rapidly into environmental degradation due to human interferences. Since 1989 the beauty of Manas started to pale when a local agitation began to lay down a separated Bodo homeland (Benn, 2008). Bodo invasion destructed the park transportation, anti-poaching camps and forest staff. The conflict started after the immigrants purchased the land already cleared by the paper industries. Bodo tribal’s preferred to destroy the land rather than let them take it. Being armed Bodo invasion caused fires, destruction of bridges and buildings, and the murder of forest staff (United Nations Environment Programme, 2002). In 1992 the Manas Park was placed in the World Heritage list in danger (UNESCO, 2008). Poaching of endangered species constituted another risk to some species extinction such as rhinos. After the Bodo invasion poaching started to be a serious problem. Especially because of the tiger poaching tiger skin businesses increasingly flourished. In the interim, even more...

References: Benn, J. (2008). A tale of two places-restoring rhinos to their ranges in Assam, India.
Retrieved April 8, 2010, from http://www.panda.org/news_facts/newsroom/features/index.cfm?uNewsID=131281
Periodic Reporting Exercise on the Application of the World Heritage Convention. Retrieved
April 8, 2010, from whc.unesco.org/archive/periodicreporting/apa/cycle01/section2/338.pdf
Travel in India. (N.D.). Wildlife National Park of India. Retrieved April 8, 2010, from http://www.indiavisitinformation.com/india-tour/india-wildlife-tour/manas-tiger- reserve.shtml
UNESCO.org. (2008). World Heritage. Manas Wildlife Sanctuary. Retrieved April 9, 2010, from http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/338
United Nations Environment Programme. (2002). World Conservation Monitoring
Centre. Manas National Park, Assam-India. Retrieved April 9, 2010, from
http://www.unep-wcmc.org/sites/wh/manas.html
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