The purpose of this essay is to provide a clear explanation about Henri fayol who takes an important role of management practices and teachings in the 21st century. Henri fayol is known as a founding father of the classical management theories and principles (Parker and Ritson 2005). The fourteen principles of management are division of work, authority, discipline, unity of command, unity of direction, subordination of individual interests to the general interest, remuneration, centralization, scalar chain, order, equity, stability of tenure of personnel, initiative and esprit de corps. Management is an activity of planning, organising, leading and controlling which is a guide for human and other resources to reach organisational goals effectively and efficiently (Waddell et al 2011). It means that employees, managers and everybody who are working need to apply management where it is a basic act to achieve the objective of organization. This essay will argue some of authors' views about the contributions of Fayol's theories or concepts for managers today and the criticise aspects of the theories or concepts.
The contribution of fayol to school of management thought is easy to be known in relation to organizational theory (Pryor and Taneja 2010; Parker and Ritson 2005). Firstly, Fayol believes that organizational and business life is a combination of six key activities which are technical, commercial, financial, security, accounting and management. Secondly, Fayol have been classifying five key elements or functions of management which are forecasting and planning, organizing, coordination, command and control. According to Harding (cited in Brunsson 2008, p. 33) states that 'managers are describe to plan, organize, staff, direct, and control, and these functions are stated as absolute truths, to which there can be no objection'. The intention of this statement is to build a good characteristic of manager. According to Parker and Ritson (2005) indicates in Fayol's book of General and Industrial Management is found the purpose of the management approach where controlling the workers is the priority to reach an excellent productivity. Lastly, Fayol suggests fourteen principles of management where it leads to the successful management. For example, one of the principle of division of labour make employees be more competent by concentrate on the specific area of different jobs (Pryor and Taneja 2010). In addition, Spatig (2009) describes that the division of labour is already exist in today's organizations that could be found in the standard department such as marketing, sales, finance, operations, etc. On the other hand, the Fayol's principles of management get a critique that makes an organisation is not able to respond the changes of business needs (Parker & Ritson 2005). It shows the negative aspect of the fayol's principle management existences which is asking too much expectation to management for applying his principles.
Crainer (2003) describes the fayol's contribution in the management century where Fayol succeeds to be a managing director of mining company, Commentry-Fourchamboult in France. Wren (2001) argues the same thing as Crainer that fayol become as top management in the mining company because of his strategist action by implementing the strategy of corporate resources in a productive physical and human. Fayol sees that planning is an essential attribute to be applied in management. It could be seen in one of five applications to contemporary management practice where plan is the first thing to do (McLean 2011). Pugh and Hickson (2007) demonstrate that managers should apply strategic planning after predicting the future. It is concerned to the importance of making a strategic planning so that managers could get what they want in the future. Fayol (cited in Parker & Ritson 2005) determine the act of plan as the result that to be considered, the stages that should be followed and to be done and the procedure...
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