PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES OF MANAGEMENT
SUBJECT CODE –B-101
Multiple Choice Questions with Single Response:
Q1. A Plan is a trip laid to capture the ___________________ a.
Q2. It is the function of employing suitable person for the enterprise: a.
Q3. _________________ means “group of activities & employees into departments.” a.
Q4. This theory states that authority is the power that is accepted by others: a.
Formal authority theory
Informal authority theory
Q5. It means dispersal of decision-making power to the lower levels of the organization: a.
Q6. This chart is the basic document of the organizational structure: a.
Q7. Communications which flow from superiors to subordinates with the help of scalar chain is known as: a.
Q8. Needs for belongingness, friendship, love, affection, attention & social acceptance are: a.
Q9. A management function which ensures “jobs to be filled with the right people, with the right knowledge, skill & attitudes”: a.
Q10. It is a process that enables a person to sort out issues and reach to a decisions affecting their life: a.
Short Notes Type Questions:
Q1. Differentiate between ‘Administration’ and ‘Management’. Q2. What were the common drawbacks in classical and Neo classical theories of management? Q3. Write a short note on “Line Organization”.
Q4. Write a short note on ‘Acceptance theory’.
Classical theories of management relate to the earliest theories of management, that really led to recognition of management as and independent discipline of work and study. These included the ideas of pioneers like Fredrick W. Taylor, Frank Gilbreth. Max Weber, and Henry Fayol. These theories came into being beginning from late nineteenth century and were considered the core of management theory till about 1930's. Neo-classical theories of management developed during 1920's and later. These can be broadly divides in two groups - theories related to human aspects of management, and quantitative management techniques. Each of the theories under classical and neo-classical groups have their own values and limitations. But when we come to the common drawbacks of these theories, i can think of only one. All these theories concentrated on some limited aspect of management, and treated is as if it is the sole or most important aspect of management. Also, as would be natural to any developing discipline of management. Thus while people like Taylor concentrated too much on physical aspects of work, people connected with Hawthorne Studies, erroneously believed that they have discovered truths about shop-floor practices of workmen till then totally unknown to others, and concluded that the key to management lies only in promoting appropriate group behavior.
Answer 3: Line organization is the most oldest and simplest method of administrative organization. According to this type of organization, the authority flows from top to bottom in a concern. The line of command is carried out from top to bottom. This is the reason for calling this organization as scalar organization which means scalar chain of command is a part and parcel of this type of administrative organization. In this type of organization, the line of command flows on an even basis without any gaps in communication and co- ordination taking place. Features of Line...
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